|Year : 2008 | Volume
| Issue : 1 | Page : 26-27
Stress and adjustment among professional and non professional students
A Singh1, S Singh2
1 Sr. Lecture, Department. of Psychology, P.P.N. College, Kanpur, India
2 Former Professor G.S.V.M. Medical College, Kanpur, India
|Date of Web Publication||13-May-2010|
Sr. Lecture, Department. of Psychology, P.P.N. College, Kanpur
| Abstract|| |
Background : Stress in modern life leads to several poor emotional adjustment among the professional students. Material & Methods : The present study was carried out to compare the stress and emotional adjustment of students of professional courses. They were administered on ESQ by Kapoor Bhargav India adaptation and Bell Adjustment Inventory Indian adaptation by S. Hussain to assess for stress and adjustment. Results : The main findings were professional students have more stress. The result also indicated that professional students were poorly emotionally adjusted in comparison to non-professional group. Conclusion : Professional students have more stress as compared to non-professional students. Psychological intervention inform of therapy will help these students to help better.
Keywords: Stress, Adjustments, Professional and non professional students
|How to cite this article:|
Singh A, Singh S. Stress and adjustment among professional and non professional students. Ind Psychiatry J 2008;17:26-7
In the present competitive age it is reported that students of professional course like Medical, Engineering, Management etc. are found to be more in stress. Selye (1956) defines stress as " any external event or any internal drive which threaten to upset the organism equilibrium is stress". We do get lot of information every day about the suicide, attempted suicide depression, dropout and many more psychological symptoms among the students. Now parental expectations are very high, but in practice it is become difficult for professionally qualified persons to be placed in suitable job. Therefore it has become a major anxiety-provoking situation. Ross et al. (1999) inferred that daily hassles were more often than major life events with inter personal source of stress being the most frequently reported source of stress. The top five sources of stress are change is sleeping habits, and change in eating habits, increase workload and new responsibility.
Adjustment is also a very important aspect for the students of professional courses. Adjustment to the environment requires a workable relationship between the persons need and expectations those of his society. Professional Social adjustment problems was found common among students (Dohrenwend 1998). Stress discourse has been concerned with external events that are taxing to individual and exceed their capacity to induce with results in having potential to induce mental or somatic illness.
Taking all these factors into account an effort in made to understand the stress and emotional adjustments of students of professional courses. The inference of this study may lead to better adjustment and academic performance of the students.
| Material and Method|| |
The sample consisted 400 students perusing different professional course in the age range of 18-25 years from urban area of Kanpur city. Purposive sampling was adopted to collect the data. A total of 100 students each from medical, engineering, management and non-professional college of Kanpur were taken.
Eight state Questionnaire developed by Kapoor & Bhargav (1990, India adaptation) was used for measuring the stress and hindi adaptation of Bells Adjustment Inventory by S. Hussain (1969) modified version (1987) was applied to asses level of adjustment t test was applied for statistical treatment.
| Results and Discussion|| |
[Table 1] indicates mean & SED of the professional and non-professional group, on stress variable. It is observed the professional and non-professional groups are significantly different form each other at 10% level of significance. Students of professional group mean is 16.35 and non-professional mean is15.39, mean difference is 0.96, t value 1.72. The results indicate that the average stress of the professional group is significantly higher then non-profession group.
A research had reported that daily hassles, examination pressure and academic factors are common source of stress in medical students at Seth G.S. medical College, Mumbai (Supe 1998). Studies supported that for students the major constraints are course work and emotional stability (Monk et al1999).
[Table 2] shows the mean, mean diff, SED and t value of emotional adjustment for the professional and non-professional group. it reveals that the professional (mean 11.42) and non-professional) (mean 10.06) groups are found to be significantly different on emotional adjustment at 10% level of significance. Mean difference is 1.36, SED is 0.78 and t value is 1.76. According to scoring pattern of Bells Adjustment Inventory higher scores indicated poor adjustment thus it can be said that the professional (mean 11.42) group have poor adjustment in comparision to non-professional (mean 10.06) group.
Similar finding by Monk-Evelyn (1999) reported that students are under stress due to financial hardships and course demands that indicated magnified emotional and Psychological difficulties. Agarwal et al (2007) have also revealed that students of engineering and management in India, are experiencing role overload, role stagnation and self-role distance. All these reports conclude that professional students have more adjustment problems in comparison to non-professional group.
Probably the reason may be lack of social support, loneliness specific personality factors cumulative hardships and many more difficulties may contribute for poor emotional adjustment of the professional students.
| Conclusion|| |
Results conclude that professional student, have more stress and poor emotional adjustment shapiro SL, Shaping D.E. (2007) also have documented high ratio of substance abuse interpersonal relationship problems depression and anxiety and suicide among medical students.
College of professional courses exphasie upon the prevention of stress rather than the stigmatization of those who experienced it. Student support system may helpful for the reducing stress and to improve their academic performance. The future studies should examine the role of professor, administration, psychologist, mental services, student support system and other buffer of stress variable with the context of student's population.
| References|| |
|1.||Agarwal, Rakesh, Chahar Shailendra (2007) Examining role stress among technical students in India-Social Psychology of Education 10 (15) 77-91. |
|2.|| Dohrenwend (1998), Adversity, Stress and Psychopathology, New York : Oxford University Press. |
|3.|| Monk-Evelyn-Millings (1999) student Mental Health International-Journal of stress Management, Jul.6 (3): 215-219. |
|4.|| Ross, SE; Niebling, BC & Heckert TM (1999) source of stress among college students. College student Journal 33,312-317. |
|5.|| Sely, H (1956) The stress of Life Newyork: MC Graw Hill. |
|6.|| Shapiro SL, shaping DE (2007) Raising emotional IQ washing state risks to boost students wellness interpersonal skills. Acad. Med. 75: 748-709 |
|7.|| Supe AN (1998) A study of stress in medical students at Seth G.S. Medical College, Journal of Post graduate Medicine: 44:1-6 |
|8.|| Whitman, Neal A. and others (1985) students stress: Effect and solutions: ERIC Digest 85-1. |
[Table 1], [Table 2]