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Year : 2008  |  Volume : 17  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 33-38

Pattern and frequency of substance abuse in urban population of Lucknow

1 Head, Dept. of Geriatric Mental Health, KGMU, LKO, India
2 Lucknow, India
3 Sr. Research Fellow, Lucknow, India

Correspondence Address:
S C Tiwari
Head, Dept. of Geriatric Mental Health, KGMU, LKO
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

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Background: The urban Lucknow community was studied during a project "A study to evolve material for prevention of drug/alcohol/tobacco (substance) abuse through social marketing" funded by Council of Science & Technology, Lucknow. The paper presents pattern and frequency of substance abuse in urban population of Lucknow based upon it. Method: Two mohallas of a ward from Lucknow Municipal Corporation were selected randomly. A total of 842 heads of the households (out of 5420 members) were studied using Semi Structured Socio demographic data-sheet and Proforma from WHO-ICMR a collaborative study on narcotics and psychotropic drugs. Data was analyzed using percentage, mean and S.D. Results: Out of 5420 subjects 34.31% (30.22% males & 4.09% females) were found to be substance abusers. Majority of subjects used tobacco (68.17% smoking, 65.17% eating). Conclusion : Majority of subjects were regular users constituted 73.65% tobacco smokers and 74.38% eaters/chewers, 62.38% alcoholics were experimenters and amongst those who were psychotropic drug abusers, 64.28% were dependant.

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