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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2009  |  Volume : 18  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 47-50

An experience of community mental health program in rural areas of Jharkhand


1 Department of PSW, RINPAS, Hazaribagh, India
2 Sociologist, NTPC, Rehabilitation Unit, Hazaribagh, India
3 Department of Psychiatry, RINPAS, Delhi, India
4 Department of Clinical Psychology, RINPAS, Delhi, India
5 Department of Psychiatric Social Work, RINPAS, Delhi, India
6 Psychiatric Social Worker, IHBAS, Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
Shantna Kumari
Department of PSW, RINPAS, Kanke, Ranchi-834006, Jharkhand
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0972-6748.57860

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Background: In the present era, mental disability is a major public health problem in the society. Many of the mental disabilities are correctable if detected early. Objectives: To assess the prevalence and pattern of mental disability. Materials and Methods: Community-based cross-sectional study. Patients of all age groups in the age range of 0-60 years were randomly selected from 10 blocks of 2 districts, viz., Ranchi and Hazaribagh. Thirty villages from each block were taken for the study. The study was conducted by making house-to-house visits, interviewing and examining all the individuals in the families selected using pre-tested questionnaire. Statistical Analysis: It was done by the proportions. Results and Conclusion: The prevalence of mental disability was found higher among males (67.9%) than among females (32.1%). The prevalence rate was higher among the productive groups and among individuals with low socioeconomic status. There is scope of community-based rehabilitation of the mentally disabled.


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