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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2013  |  Volume : 22  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 131-137

Anxiety in school students: Role of parenting and gender


1 Department of Psychiatry, Rajendra Institute of Medical Sciences, Ranchi, Jharkhand, India
2 Clinical Psychologist, Tata Motors Hospital, Jamshedpur, Jharkhand, India
3 Consultant Pediatrician, Tata Motors Hospital, Jamshedpur, Jharkhand, India
4 Senior Resident Pediatrics, Moolchand Hospital, New Delhi, India
5 Senior Resident, Psychiatry, Ranchi Institute of Neuro Psychiatry and Applied Sciences, Ranchi, Jharkhand, India
6 Department of Psychiatry, Pravara Institute of Medical Sciences (Deemed University) Rural Medical College and Pravara's Rural Hospital, Loni, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Suprakash Chaudhury
Department of Psychiatry, Pravara Institute of Medical Sciences (Deemed University) Rural Medical College and Pravara's Rural Hospital, Loni Kalbhor, Pune District, Loni - 413 736, Maharashtra
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0972-6748.132927

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Background: The prevalence of anxiety is high in school going children; however pattern of parenting and gender of the child are important factors for the development of anxiety. Gender role and parenting patterns are important construct that vary across different sociocultural setting hence are important to be studied in Indian context. Materials and Methods: In a cross sectional study all students of both sexes studying in class VIII, were assessed using the Spence anxiety scale (children version). Results: The sample consisted of 146 (55% male and 45% female) with a mean age of 12.71 years. A total of 16 (11%) students scored above cutoff for high anxiety, the mean scores across gender shows that female students scored significantly higher in total and all sub types of anxiety. Most of the students perceived their parents 'Democratic' and other two authoritarian and permissive type of parenting were almost equal. There was significantly higher anxiety among the students who perceived their parents as authoritarian. Conclusions: The prevalence of high anxiety was 11% in class VIII students. High anxiety in students was significantly associated with female gender and authoritarian parenting pattern as perceived by the children.


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