ORIGINAL ARTICLE Year : 2012  Volume : 21  Issue : 2  Page : 115118 The shortform of the revised junior Eysenck personality questionnaire: A Bengali edition Avijit Roy Centre for Mathematics Education, Visva Bharati, Santiniketan, West Bengal, India Correspondence Address: Background: Personality measuring instrument plays an important role in many fields of human civilization and therefore, present study was aimed to find such an instrument for Bengali speaking juniors. Materials and Methods: Bengali translation of the shortform of the revised junior Eysenck personality questionnaire developed by Corulla was administered on a sample of 226 Bengali speaking students (99 boys and 127 girls) studying in class seven and eight taken from two urban and two rural schools. Internal consistency of each item under a subscale was calculated; internal consistency of each of the four subscales of the translated questionnaire was calculated; testretest reliability was found with an interval of 3 months and intercorrelations between different subscales were found. Conclusion: The findings provided satisfactory psychometric properties of the extraversion, neuroticism, psychoticism, and lie scale.
Materials and Methods Sample A total of 226 Bengali medium students (male 99 and female 127), studying in class seven and eight, were taken from two urban and two rural schools of West Bengal. Tool The JEPQRS JEPQRS developed by Corulla is 48 item selfreported questionnaire having four dimensions extraversion, neuroticism, psychoticism, and lie scale each of which has 12 items. [9] Each question has a binary response and scored either 1 or 0. The maximum possible score of a dimension is 12 and the minimum is 0. Procedure The items of the questionnaire were translated into Bengali by two bilingual Bengali personnel. Where there were inconsistencies, both the translators were consulted. Also back translation of the questionnaire by an expert was made and where there were any inconsistencies, the translators were consulted to get best possible solutions. Internal consistency of each items of each of the four subscales of the translated JEPQRS was completed. The internal consistency of the four subscales of the translated questionnaire was also calculated. Testretest reliability was found with an interval of 3 months. Intercorrelations between different subscales were also found. Statistical analysis To find internal consistency of items under a subscale, item rest of test correlations were found. The internal consistency of the subscales of the translated questionnaire was found by calculating Chronbach's alpha. The statistical analysis was made with the help of Statistical Package for the Social Science (SPSS) statistics 17.0. Results [Table 1] presents that the item rest of test correlations vary for the extraversion between 0.082 and 0.417, for neuroticism between 0.127 and 0.552, for psychoticism between 0.085 and 0.504, and for the lie scale between 0.051 and 0.363.{Table 1} Alpha reliability found for the four subscales were 0.620 for extraversion, 0.663 for neuroticism, 0.604 for psychoticism, and 0.620 for lie scale. The testretest reliabilities were found 0.659 for extraversion, 0.652 for neuroticism, 0.631 for psychoticism, and 0.621 for lie scale. [Table 2] presents the correlation coefficients between the four subscales.{Table 2} Discussion The present study was aimed to examine to what extent the Bengali translation of the JEPQRS is functional in Bengali cultured population. The results [Table 1] of the first stage of data analysis indicate that most of the items within a subscale have significant correlations with rest of the items. The alpha coefficients of all the four subscales recorded in this study do not cross 0.7, the level recommended by Kline, [14] but they are very close to it and satisfactory. Alpha coefficients for extraversion, neuroticism and lie scale recorded in this study are less well relative to main stream studies, perhaps, due to cultural difference, as a measuring tool like personality test is always culturally loaded. Significant observation of this study is that the alpha coefficient of 0.604 for psychoticism is impressive against the historic difficulties encountered by the subscale. Francis also found a better alpha coefficient of 0.7124 for psychoticism. [10] The testretest reliabilities found in this study are satisfactory and the results are very similar to the findings of Eysenck and Eysenck which were for 13 years boys and girls with an interval of 6 months; extraversion 0.67 and 0.76, neuroticism 0.72 and 0.74, psychoticism 0.63 and 0.66, and lie scale 0.65 and 0.66. [4] Results relating to the main stream questionnaires provide that the dimensions of personality are not all orthogonal. [4],[10] The inter correlations [Table 2] between the dimensions of the translated JEPQRS of the present study also show that they are not all orthogonal. There is a significant (0.05 level) negative correlation between extraversion and psychoticism. Neuroticism and lie scale also showed negative correlation significant at the 0.05 level. On the other hand, extraversion and lie scale also neuroticism and psychoticism both showed positive correlations significant at the 0.05 level. However, there is a significant negative correlation at the 0.01 level between psychoticism and lie scale while extraversion is independent of neuroticism. On the basis of the present study, it may be concluded that the Bengali version of the JEPQRS may be accepted as a functional tool for research work and educational purpose. It is further recommended to administer the Bengali version of JEPQRS on a larger sample for determining the psychometric properties more accurately. Acknowledgment Author of this paper is grateful to respected Dr. A. Sensarma, ShikshaSatra, VisvaBharati and Dr. S. K. Samanta, Prof.incharge, Centre for Mathematics Education, VisvaBharati for their kind help to prepare this paper. References


