Industrial Psychiatry Journal

REVIEW ARTICLE
Year
: 2014  |  Volume : 23  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 4--9

(De-) criminalization of attempted suicide in India: A review


Rajeev Ranjan1, Saurabh Kumar1, Raman Deep Pattanayak1, Anju Dhawan2, Rajesh Sagar1 
1 Department of Psychiatry, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India
2 National Drug Dependence Treatment Centre, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
Rajeev Ranjan
Department of Psychiatry, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi - 110 029
India

Attempted suicide is a serious problem requiring mental health interventions, but it continues to be treated as a criminal offence under the section 309 of Indian Penal Code. The article reviews the international legal perspective across various regions of the world, discusses the unintended consequences of section 309 IPC and highlights the need for decriminalization of attempted suicide in India. The Mental Health Care Bill, 2013, still under consideration in the Rajya Sabha (upper house), has proposed that attempted suicide should not be criminally prosecuted. Decriminalization of suicidal attempt will serve to cut down the undue stigma and avoid punishment in the aftermath of incident, and lead to a more accurate collection of suicide-related statistics. From a policy perspective, it will further emphasize the urgent need to develop a framework to deliver mental health services to all those who attempt suicide.


How to cite this article:
Ranjan R, Kumar S, Pattanayak RD, Dhawan A, Sagar R. (De-) criminalization of attempted suicide in India: A review.Ind Psychiatry J 2014;23:4-9


How to cite this URL:
Ranjan R, Kumar S, Pattanayak RD, Dhawan A, Sagar R. (De-) criminalization of attempted suicide in India: A review. Ind Psychiatry J [serial online] 2014 [cited 2020 May 29 ];23:4-9
Available from: http://www.industrialpsychiatry.org/article.asp?issn=0972-6748;year=2014;volume=23;issue=1;spage=4;epage=9;aulast=Ranjan;type=0