Industrial Psychiatry Journal

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2019  |  Volume : 28  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 51--57

Assessment of quality of life before and after successful percutaneous transvenous mitral commissurotomy in patients with severe mitral stenosis


Prashant Bhardwaj1, Suprakash Chaudhury2, Aradhana Aneja3, Vinay Jetley1, Tejvir Singh Walia3, Swaleha Mujawar2 
1 Department of Cardiology, MH (CTC) and AFMC, Pune, Maharashtra, India
2 Department of Psychiatry, Dr. D. Y. Patil Medical College, Hospital and Research Centre, Dr. D. Y. Patil Vidyapeeth, Pune, Maharashtra, India
3 Department of Psychiatry, AFMC, Pune, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Tejvir Singh Walia
Department of Psychiatry, AFMC, Pune - 411 018, Maharashtra
India

Background: Rheumatic mitral stenosis (MS) is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality in India. Percutaneous transvenous mitral commissurotomy (PTMC) has become the procedure of choice for severe MS with pliable leaflets. Despite a wealth of literature on the technical aspects of PTMC, there is a dearth of literature addressing the impact of PTMC on the quality of life (QOL). Aim: The aim of the study is to assess the impact of PTMC on clinical status and QOL of patients with severe MS. Materials and Methods: Twenty-five consecutive patients with severe MS undergoing PTMC were included in the study with their informed consent. All patients were subjected to routine blood tests, electrocardiogram, chest X-ray, two-dimensional and color echocardiography, treadmill test (TMT), and World Health Organization (WHO) QOL scale. The echocardiography, TMT, and WHOQOL scale were repeated after the procedure. Results: The procedural success was 98%. The mean (range) mitral valve area preprocedure was 0.82 (0.59–0.92) cm2 and postprocedure was 1.61 (1.51–1.76) cm2. The difference was statistically significant (t = 5.02; P < 0.01). The mean (range) of TMT preprocedure was 4.05 (3.0–7.0) METS and postprocedure was 8.52 (6–12) METS. The difference was statistically significant (T = 3.08; P < 0.01). The mean (range) of QOL assessment pre- and post-procedure on physical domain was 8.83 (8.3–10.1) which increased to 11.11 (10–12.7); on social relationship domain from 9.17 (7.5–12.4) to 11.37 (9.4–12.0); on personal relationship from 11.6 (11–13) to 12.52 (12–13); on environment domain from 10.78 (10.2–11.7) to 11.56 (10.8–12); and on level of independence from 9.02 (8–10) to 12.29 (11.0–13.6). All the differences were statistically significant (Wilcoxon signed-rank test z = −4.376; −4.379; −4.234; −4.200; −4.375; respectively, all P < 0.001 highly significant). Conclusions: PTMC resulted in a significant improvement in the QOL of patients with severe MS. The significant improvement in QOL post-PTMC may be an indication for offering PTMC at an earlier stage to those patients whose QOL is severely compromised.


How to cite this article:
Bhardwaj P, Chaudhury S, Aneja A, Jetley V, Walia TS, Mujawar S. Assessment of quality of life before and after successful percutaneous transvenous mitral commissurotomy in patients with severe mitral stenosis.Ind Psychiatry J 2019;28:51-57


How to cite this URL:
Bhardwaj P, Chaudhury S, Aneja A, Jetley V, Walia TS, Mujawar S. Assessment of quality of life before and after successful percutaneous transvenous mitral commissurotomy in patients with severe mitral stenosis. Ind Psychiatry J [serial online] 2019 [cited 2020 Sep 21 ];28:51-57
Available from: http://www.industrialpsychiatry.org/article.asp?issn=0972-6748;year=2019;volume=28;issue=1;spage=51;epage=57;aulast=Bhardwaj;type=0