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2008| January-June | Volume 17 | Issue 1
May 13, 2010
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Mental, physical and social health problems of call centre workers
P Bhuyar, A Banerjee, H Pandve, P Padmnabhan, A Patil, S Duggirala, S Rajan, S Chaudhury
January-June 2008, 17(1):21-25
Call centre workers in BPO face unique occupational hazards - mental, physical and psychosocial.
Material & Method:
A sample 100 call centre workers of both sexes and from two cities Pune and Mumbai were surveyed by both qualitative and quantitative methods for the above health problems.
A high proportion of workers faced sleep disturbances and associated mental stress and anxiety. Sleep disturbance and anxiety was significantly more in international call centres compared to domestic. There was also disturbance in circadian rhythms due to night shift. Physical problems such as musculoskeletal disorders, obesity, eye, and hearing problems were also present. Psychosocial problems included disruption in family life, use of tobacco and alcohol, and faulty eating habits.
Better personal management, health education and more research is indicated to study the health problems in this emerging occupation.
Personal effectiveness as a function of psychological androgyny
N Maheshwari, V Kumar
January-June 2008, 17(1):39-45
'Think-manager, think-male' stereotype had lived its age and the time is ripe to give way to a Psychologically Androgynous manager, who is more personally effective. Irrespective of one's sex, he/she possesses both the masculine as well as feminine attributes and practices them as the situation so desires.
Material & Method
: 350 male management students were categorized under three groups viz. Typically Sex-typed, Androgynous and Undifferentiated by using Bem's Sex-role Inventory (1974). Their Personal Effectiveness scores were obtained using Pareek's Personal Effectiveness Scale(2001). Mean, S.D., t-ratio and Pearson's Correlation was calculated.
: Three groups were found to be significantly different in terms of their Personal Effectiveness. Psychologically Androgynous group was found to be most personally effective on the dimensions of self-disclosure, benefit from feedback & perceptiveness or sensitivity to others' feelings. Also, significant correlation existed between Psychological Androgyny and Personal Effectiveness vis-à-vis the other sex-role orientations.
: Androgynous sex-role orientation predicts personal effectiveness in management students.
Psychometric evaluation of a hindi version of positive-negative affect schedule
R Pandey, N Srivastava
January-June 2008, 17(1):49-54
The present paper reports the development and psychometric evaluation of a Hindi version of the Positive-Negative Affect Schedule (PANAS) originally developed in English by Watson, Clark, and Tellegen (1988). The PANAS is widely used tool for assessment of positive and negative affect in clinical as well as non-clinical setting and has also been used as a differential diagnostic tool for distinguishing the clinical depression from anxiety.
Material & Method -
A Hindi version of the PANAS (PANAS-H) was developed using the contemporary psychometric standards for developing transliteral equivalents and cross-cultural adaptation of psychological tests/scales. In order to evaluate the psychometric properties, the PANAS-H was administered on a relatively heterogeneous sample of 179 participants. The obtained data was subjected to an exploratory factor analysis (principal component analysis) which identified two theoretically significant orthogonal factors. The mood adjectives reflecting the positive affect loaded significantly on factor-1 whereas the affective lexicons representing the negative emotional engagement loaded significantly on factor-2. On the basis of this pattern of factor loading the first factor was labeled as 'Positive Affect' (PA) and the second factor as 'Negative Affect' (NA).
A significant but low negative correlation was observed between PA and NA which suggests that PA and NA are not independent of each other. Item analysis done for each subscales revealed that the Hindi affective lexicon used for tapping the dimensions of PA and NA are reliable and valid and form a homogeneous item-pool.
The reliability of the PA and NA subscales as well as that of the whole scale was found to be highly satisfactory (0.804 for PA, 0.776 for NA, and 0.658 for full scale). Overall, the findings suggest that 1) the PANAS-H can reliably and validly measure the PA and NA of Hindi speaking individuals, and 2) the PANAS-H measures two distinct (PA and NA) but negatively related dimensions of affect.
Stress and adjustment among professional and non professional students
A Singh, S Singh
January-June 2008, 17(1):26-27
Stress in modern life leads to several poor emotional adjustment among the professional students.
Material & Methods :
The present study was carried out to compare the stress and emotional adjustment of students of professional courses. They were administered on ESQ by Kapoor Bhargav India adaptation and Bell Adjustment Inventory Indian adaptation by S. Hussain to assess for stress and adjustment.
The main findings were professional students have more stress. The result also indicated that professional students were poorly emotionally adjusted in comparison to non-professional group.
: Professional students have more stress as compared to non-professional students. Psychological intervention inform of therapy will help these students to help better.
Occupational health and psychological well-being of industrial employees
A Bhardwaj, A Srivastava
January-June 2008, 17(1):28-32
In the present era of globalization of business the nature of work organizations and its environment are changing radically extending noticeable impact on individual's job, safety, health, and well-being.
Material & Methods :
The present study was designed to examine the effects of overall occupational health on psychological well-being in a sample of 150 line-staff operating in a production organization. Psychometrically standardized scales were employed to assess the extent of occupational health and psychological well-being.
The analyses of the obtained data revealed that occupational health positively correlates with employees' mental health.
The employees who perceived their work and its physical and psycho-social environment as to be adequate and healthy maintained relatively better overall mental health.
Organizational citizenship behavior
K Srivastava, D Saldanha
January-June 2008, 17(1):1-3
Inhalant abuse in the youth : A reason for concern
J Simlai, C.R.J Khess
January-June 2008, 17(1):55-58
In recent times Inhalant or Volatile substances are emerging as a major drug of abuse in the preadolescent and adolescent age group. Most of the children are from broken homes and poor backgrounds. Inhalants have serious immediate and longterm side-effects and can also cause sudden sniffing death syndrome. It is difficult to control this ever-growing problem because Inhalants or Solvents are widely available. Management issues have been discussed in the review.
Pattern and frequency of substance abuse in urban population of Lucknow
SC Tiwari, P Kumar, R Tripathi
January-June 2008, 17(1):33-38
The urban Lucknow community was studied during a project
"A study to evolve material for prevention of drug/alcohol/tobacco (substance) abuse through social marketing" funded by Council of Science & Technology, Lucknow. The paper presents pattern and frequency of substance abuse in urban population of Lucknow based upon it.
Two mohallas of a ward from Lucknow Municipal Corporation were selected randomly. A total of 842 heads of the households (out of 5420 members) were studied using Semi Structured Socio demographic data-sheet and Proforma from WHO-ICMR a collaborative study on narcotics and psychotropic drugs.
Data was analyzed using percentage, mean and S.D.
Out of 5420 subjects 34.31% (30.22% males & 4.09% females) were found to be substance abusers. Majority of subjects used tobacco (68.17% smoking, 65.17% eating).
Majority of subjects were regular users constituted 73.65% tobacco smokers and 74.38% eaters/chewers, 62.38% alcoholics were experimenters and amongst those who were psychotropic drug abusers, 64.28% were dependant.
A study of exam related anxiety amongst medical students
B Pahwa, S Goyal, K Srivastava, D Saldanha, D Bhattacharya
January-June 2008, 17(1):46-48
The present study focuses on pre-examination anxiety amongst medical students & its personality co-relates.
Material & Method :
91 medical students were administered Eysenck Personality Questionnaire to determine predominant personality trait if any and Beck's Anxiety Inventory.
There was an increase in anxiety levels prior to exam, more so in females and in students with neuroticism and extraversion temperaments.
Anxiety levels increase in medical students prior to exams and are associated with certain personality traits, though the difference is not statistically significant.
R Vikash, S Chaudhury, S Sukumaran, AR Singh, DK Giri, K Srivastava, J Prakash, K Sanger
January-June 2008, 17(1):4-20
During the last half of the century the researchers have placed a great deal of importance on brain behavior relations. This has brought upon a huge body of knowledge but unfortunately at the cost of culture - the true roots of much of our behaviour. This general disregard of cultural factors has not only led to false generalizations but has also blocked the understanding of the real forces that motivate and shape our perceptions, attitudes, and actions. This paper is therefore an attempt to highlight the trajectory of transcultural psychiatry, right from the conceptions of its idea, through flaws in methodology, assessment, treatment and to its future and its limitations.
STATISTICS WITHOUT TEARS
Meta-Analysis - Resolving the doctor's dillemma?
H Pandve, A Banerjee, S Chaudhury
January-June 2008, 17(1):59-63
Clinical trials often yield inconclusive or inconsistent results because of their small sample size leading to the proverbial
Against this backdrop, the rapidly evolving statistical tool of meta-analysis has been discussed. The steps of meta-analysis have been enumerated sparing statistical details as far as possible. The advantages as well as the pitfalls of meta-analysis have been reviewed together with some ways of overcoming them.
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