Home | About IPJ | Editorial board | Ahead of print | Current Issue | Archives | Instructions | Contact us |   Login 
Industrial Psychiatry Journal
Search Articles   
Advanced search   

Year : 2009  |  Volume : 18  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 70-73 Table of Contents   

Event-related potential: An overview

1 Department of Psychiatry, RINPAS, Ranchi, India
2 Department of Psychiatry, CIP, Ranchi, India

Date of Web Publication3-Dec-2009

Correspondence Address:
Shravani Sur
Department of Psychiatry, RINPAS, CIP, Ranchi
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0972-6748.57865

Rights and Permissions

Electroencephalography (EEG) provides an excellent medium to understand neurobiological dysregulation, with the potential to evaluate neurotransmission. Time-locked EEG activity or event-related potential (ERP) helps capture neural activity related to both sensory and cognitive processes. In this article, we attempt to present an overview of the different waveforms of ERP and the major findings in various psychiatric conditions.

Keywords: Event-related potential, Psychiatric disorders, Neurotransmission

How to cite this article:
Sur S, Sinha V K. Event-related potential: An overview. Ind Psychiatry J 2009;18:70-3

How to cite this URL:
Sur S, Sinha V K. Event-related potential: An overview. Ind Psychiatry J [serial online] 2009 [cited 2023 Feb 7];18:70-3. Available from: https://www.industrialpsychiatry.org/text.asp?2009/18/1/70/57865

Richard Caton (1842-1926), a medical lecturer at Liverpool, was the pioneer in the field of evoked potential. He observed that "feeble currents of varying direction pass through the multiplier when the electrodes are placed on two points of the external surface." This sentence marked the birth of the electroencephalogram (EEG), though it was invented much later by Hans Berger, a German Psychiatrist, in 1929.

   What is Event -Related Potential ? Top

Event-related potentials (ERPs) are very small voltages generated in the brain structures in response to specific events or stimuli (Blackwood and Muir, 1990). They are EEG changes that are time locked to sensory, motor or cognitive events that provide safe and noninvasive approach to study psychophysiological correlates of mental processes. Event-related potentials can be elicited by a wide variety of sensory, cognitive or motor events. They are thought to reflect the summed activity of postsynaptic potentials produced when a large number of similarly oriented cortical pyramidal neurons (in the order of thousands or millions) fire in synchrony while processing information (Peterson et al., 1995). ERPs in humans can be divided into 2 categories. The early waves, or components peaking roughly within the first 100 milliseconds after stimulus, are termed 'sensory' or 'exogenous' as they depend largely on the physical parameters of the stimulus. In contrast, ERPs generated in later parts reflect the manner in which the subject evaluates the stimulus and are termed 'cognitive' or 'endogenous' ERPs as they examine information processing. The waveforms are described according to latency and amplitude.

   Different ERP Waveforms Top

P50 wave

The amount of attenuation in the neural response to the second of the two identical stimuli indexes the strength of the inhibitory pathway. This paradigm has been adapted as a test of sensory gating principally through the study of the P50 waveform. Sensory gating is crucial to an individual's ability to selectively attend to salient stimuli and ignore redundant, repetitive or trivial information, protecting the brain from information overflow (Light and Braff, 2003). The most positive peak between 40 and 75 msec after the conditioning stimulus is the P50 (Olincy et al., 2005). The P50 amplitude is the absolute difference between the P50 peak and the preceding negative trough (Clementz et al., 1997). P50 can be elicited by either the "paired click" paradigm or the "steady-state" paradigm.

N100 or N1 wave

A negative deflection peaking between 90 and 200 msec after the onset of stimulus, is observed when an unexpected stimulus is presented. It is an orienting response or a "matching process," that is, whenever a stimulus is presented, it is matched with previously experienced stimuli. It has maximum amplitude over Cz and is therefore also called "vertex potential."

P200 or P2 wave

P200 or P2 wave refers to the positive deflection peaking around 100-250 msec after the stimulus. Current evidence suggests that the N1/P2 component may reflect the sensation-seeking behavior of an individual.

N200 or N2 wave

Is a negative deflection peaking at about 200 msec after presentation of stimulus.

There are 3 components of the N200 waveform -

N2a/ Mismatch negativity (MMN)

MMN is a negative component which is elicited by any discriminable change (Nδδtδnen and Tiitinen, 1998) in a repetitive background of auditory stimulation (Winkler et al., 1996). MMN represents the brain's automatic process involved in encoding of the stimulus difference or change.


It is slightly later in latency than the N2a and appears when changes in physical property of the stimulus are task relevant.


It is the classification N2, elicited when classification of disparate stimuli is needed.


N300 is a recent finding in the context of semantic congruity and expectancy.


The P3 wave was discovered by Sutton et al. in 1965 and since then has been the major component of research in the field of ERP. For auditory stimuli, the latency range is 250-400 msec for most adult subjects between 20 and 70 years of age. The latency is usually interpreted as the speed of stimulus classification resulting from discrimination of one event from another. Shorter latencies indicate superior mental performance relative to longer latencies. P3 amplitude seems to reflect stimulus information such that greater attention produces larger P3 waves. A wide variety of paradigms have been used to elicit the P300, of which the "oddball" paradigm is the most utilized where different stimuli are presented in a series such that one of them occurs relatively infrequently - that is the oddball. The subject is instructed to respond to the infrequent or target stimulus and not to the frequently presented or standard stimulus. Reduced P300 amplitude is an indicator of the broad neurobiological vulnerability that underlies disorders within the externalizing spectrum {alcohol dependence, drug dependence, nicotine dependence, conduct disorder and adult antisocial behavior} (Patrick et al., 2006).


It is a negative wave first described in the context of semantic incongruity, 300-600 msec post-stimulus (Kutas and Hillyard, 1980). N400 is inversely related to the expectancy of a given word to end a sentence.


In the domain of language processing, a P600 effect occurs to sentences that (a) contain a syntactic violation, (b) have a nonpreferred syntactic structure or (c) have a complex syntactic structure (Osterhout and Holcomb, 1992).

Movement-related cortical potentials

MRCPs denote a series of potentials that occur in close temporal relation with movement or movement-like activity. These may occur before/during or after the movement and they refer to the associated preparedness for movement in the cortex. Kornhuber and Deecke (1965) distinguished 4 components of the MRCPs, viz., (1) Bereitschafts potential, (2) Reafferent potential, (3) Pre-motion positivity and (4) Motor potential.

Contingent negative variation

Richard Caton in 1875 first used the term negative variation while describing electrical activity of gray matter, while Walter (1964) coined the term contingent negative variation (CNV). CNV can be elicited by a standard reaction time paradigm (S1-S2-motor response) or only by paired stimuli without any motor response (S1-S2 paradigm). A first stimulus (S1) serves as a preparatory signal for an imperative stimulus (S2) to which the subject must make a response. In the S1-S2 interval, there are early and late CNV components. Early CNV is considered as indicator of arousal processes, and late CNV is associated with attention to the experimental task.

Post-imperative negative variation

PINV is the delay in CNV resolution, that is, negativity continues after S2. PINV is a marker of sustained cognitive activity.

   Event-Related Potential Changes in Psychiatric Disorders Top

Alcohol dependence syndrome

N1 P2

Alcohol-induced attenuation of N1 and P2 amplitudes has been consistently reported. The N1 amplitude was dose-dependently suppressed by alcohol, and the N1 peak latency was prolonged by the higher (0.85 g/ kg) dose of ethanol, thus supporting the previous observations.


There is increase in the latency of N200.


Acute ethanol intake is seen to reduce P300 amplitude. However, wave abnormalities have also been seen in abstinent individuals and in the first-degree relatives of patients (Patrick et al., 2006).


Decreased amplitude of CNV and MRCP denoting deficits in executive functioning in alcoholic patients has been reported.



One of the most robust neurophysiological findings in schizophrenia is decrease in P300 amplitude. P300 is often smaller in amplitude and longer in latency in patients who have been ill longer. P300 latency was found to be increased in schizophrenic patients but not in their first-degree relatives (Simlai& Nizamie, 1998). In longitudinal analyses, P300 amplitude is sensitive to fluctuations in the severity of positive symptoms, independent of medication, and to the enduring level of negative symptom severity (Mathalon et al., 2000).


Diminished P50 suppression has been reported in patients with schizophrenia (Bramon et al., 2004) and in their non-psychotic relatives (Clementz et al., 1998).

N1, P2, N2

Schizophrenia patients have demonstrated reduced N100, P200 and N200 amplitudes (O'Donnell et al., 2004).


There is decreased MMN amplitude, as well as abnormal MMN topographical distribution, in treatment-refractory patients with schizophrenia (Milovan, 2004).


CNV amplitude was noted to be shorter and latency longer, localized to the left central region, in schizophrenia patients. BP interval and amplitude were found to be increased when compared to controls (Simlai& Nizamie, 1998). BP latency was found to be decreased in patients denoting impairment in planning movement and decision making (Duggal& Nizamie, 1998).

Late components

There is an increase in N400 and P600 latencies in schizophrenic patients.

Bipolar affective disorder


P50 suppression deficits have been found in patients with bipolar disorder with psychotic symptoms, as well as in their unaffected first-degree relatives, suggesting P50 to be an endophenotypic marker for the illness (Schulze et al., 2007).


Salisbury et al. (1999) have recently noted P300 reduction in manic psychosis. Latency prolongation and amplitude reduction were seen in chronic bipolar patients (O'Donell et al., 2004).



Reduced amplitude of P300 has been seen in depressed patients, mainly with suicidal ideations, psychotic features or severe depression (Hansenne et al., 1996).

   Neurotic Disorders Top



Studies show that individuals with spider and snake phobias showed significantly larger P300 amplitudes than healthy controls when exposed to pictures of their feared objects, indicating enhanced processing of stimuli that reflect critical fear concerns (Miltner et al., 2000).

Panic disorder


An enlarged frontal P3a to distractor stimuli among patients has been reported using a three-tone discrimination task, supporting the hypothesis of dysfunctional prefrontal-limbic pathways. In addition, a longer P3b latency in drug-free patients than in unaffected controls has also been reported as possible evidence of a dysfunctional hippocampus and amygdala (Turan et al., 2002).

Generalized anxiety disorder

ERPs elicited by threat-relevant stimuli support the existence of an attentional bias, showing larger amplitude of P300 and slow waves in response to fear-related words or pictures in subjects with high-trait anxiety or anxiety disorders when compared with healthy controls (De Pascalis et al., 2004).

Obsessive compulsive disorder

N2, P3

OCD patients are seen to have significantly shorter P300 and N200 latencies for target stimuli and greater N200 negativity when compared with normal controls. However, there are no significant relationships between these ERP abnormalities in OCD patients and the type or severity of their OCD symptoms. Paul and Nizamie (1999) found increased P300 latency in OCD patients but no difference in amplitude.

Posttraumatic stress disorder


There are reports of a reduction of the P50 suppression response in persons with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) (Neylan et al., 1999; Skinner et al., 1999).


The most common finding is reduced P300 amplitudes (Metzger et al., 1997).

Dissociative disorder


Patients showed significant reduction in the amplitudes of P300 during dissociative disorders compared with the levels at remission. The latency of P300 remained unchanged. The amplitudes of P300 might be a state-dependent biological marker of dissociative disorders.

Personality disorders

In healthy subjects, several studies have reported some relationships between N200, P300 and personality. A consistent result of these studies is that introverts exhibit higher P300 amplitude than extroverts. P300 amplitude is weakly correlated (positively) to the self-directedness dimension; and CNV, to cooperativeness. Longer N200 latency may be associated with higher harm avoidance score. N200 amplitude is negatively correlated to persistence. This indicates that lower N200 amplitude may be related to a higher persistence score.

   Conclusion Top

ERP constitutes a millisecond-by-millisecond record of neural information processing, which can be associated with particular operations such as sensory encoding, inhibitory responses and updating working memory. Thus it provides a noninvasive means to evaluate brain functioning in patients with cognitive disorders and is of prognostic value in few cases. ERP is a method of neuropsychiatric research which holds great promise for the future.[28]

   References Top

1.Blackwood, D. H. R.,& Muir, W. J. (1990). Cognitive brain potentials and their application. The British Journal of Psychiatry, 157:96-101.  Back to cited text no. 1      
2.Bramon, E., Rabe-Hesketh, S., Shama, P., et al. (2004). Meta-analysis of the P300 and P50 waveforms in schizophrenia. Schizophrenia Research, 70:315-329.  Back to cited text no. 2      
3.Clementz, B. A., Geyer, M. A.& Braff, D. L. (1997). P50 suppression among schizophrenia and normal comparison subjects: A methodological analysis. Biological Psychaitry, 41:1035-1044.  Back to cited text no. 3      
4.Clementz, B. A., Geyer, M. A., Braff, D. L., et al. (1998). Poor P50 suppression among schizophrenia patients and their first-degree biological relatives. American Journal of Psychiatry, 155:1691-1694.  Back to cited text no. 4      
5.De Pascalis, V., Strippoli, E., Riccardi, P., et al. (2004). Personality, event-related potential (ERP) and heart rate (HR) in emotional word processing. Pers Individ Diff 36:873-891.  Back to cited text no. 5      
6.Hansenne, M., Pitchot, W., Gonzalez-Moreno, A., et al. (1996). Suicidal behavior in depressive disorder, an event related potential study. Biological Psychiatry, 40:116-122.  Back to cited text no. 6      
7.Kornhuber, H. H.,& Deecke, L. (1978). An electrical sign of participation of the mesial "supplementary" motor cortex in human voluntary finger movements. Brain Research, 159:473-476.  Back to cited text no. 7      
8.Kutas, M., Lindamood, T.,& Hillyard, S. (1984). Word probability and event related potentials during sentence processing. In Preparatory states and processes, Eds. S. Kornblum and J. Requin, 217-238. Hillsdale, Erlbaum.  Back to cited text no. 8      
9.Light, G. A.,& Braff, D. L. (2003). Sensory gating deficits in schizophrenia, Can we parse the effects of medication, nicotine use, and changes in clinical status? Clinical Neuroscience Research, 3:47-54.  Back to cited text no. 9      
10.Metzger, L. J., Orr, S. P., Lasko, N. B., et al. (1997). Evidence for diminished P3 amplitudes in PTSD. Ann N Y Acad Sci, 821:499-503.   Back to cited text no. 10      
11.Miltner, W. H. R., Krieschel, S.,& Gutberlet, I. (2000). P300-a signature for threat processing in phobic subjects. Psychophysiology, 37:71.  Back to cited text no. 11      
12.Milovan, D. L., Baribeau, J., Roth, R. M., et al. (2004). ERP study of pre-attentive auditory processing in treatment-refractory schizophrenia. Brain Cogn, 55(2):355-7.   Back to cited text no. 12      
13.Nδδtδnen, R.,& Tiitinen, H. (1998). Auditory information processing as indexed by the mismatch negativity. In, M. Sabourin, F.I.M. Craik and M. Robert, Editors, Advances in Psychological Science. Biological and cognitive aspects, 2, Psychology Press/Erlbaum (UK) Taylor and Francis, Hove, UK., 145-170.  Back to cited text no. 13      
14.Neylan, T. C., Fletcher, D. J., Lenoci, M., et al. (1999). Sensory gating in chronic posttraumatic stress disorder: Reduced auditory P50 suppression in combat veterans. Biol Psychiatry, 46(12):1656-1664.   Back to cited text no. 14      
15.O'Connor, S., Hesselbrock, V., Tasmann, A., et al. (1987). P3 amplitudes in two different tasks are decreased in young men with a history of paternal alcoholism. Alcohol, 4:320-330.   Back to cited text no. 15      
16.O'Donnell, B. F., Vohs, J. L., Hetrick, W. P., et al. (2004). Auditory event-related potential abnormalities in bipolar disorder and schizophrenia. International Journal of Psychophysiology, 53:45-55.  Back to cited text no. 16      
17.Olincy, A.& Martin, L. (2005) Diminished suppression of the P50 auditory evoked potential in bipolar disorder subjects with a history of psychosis. American Journal of Psychiatry, 162:43-49.  Back to cited text no. 17      
18.Osterhout, L.& Holcomb, P. J. (1992). Event related brain potentials elicited by syntactic anomaly. Journal of Memory and Language, 31:785-786.  Back to cited text no. 18      
19.Patrick, C. J., Bernat, E. M., Malone, S. M., Iacono, W. G., Krueger, R. F.,& McGue, M. (2006). P300 amplitude as an indicator of externalizing in adolescent males. Psychophysiology, 43(1):84-92.  Back to cited text no. 19      
20.Peterson, N. N., Schroeder, C. E., Arezzo, J. C., et al. (1995). Neural generators of early cortical somatosensory evoked potentials in the awake monkey. Electroencephalogrphy and Clinical Neurophysiology, 96:248-260.  Back to cited text no. 20      
21.Salisbury, D. F., Shenton, M. E.& McCarley, R. W. (1999). P300 topography differs in schizophrenia and manic psychosis. Biological Psychiatry, 45:98-106.  Back to cited text no. 21      
22.Schulze, K. K., Hall, M. H., McDonald, C., et al. (2007). P50 auditory evoked potential suppression in bipolar disorder patients with psychotic features and their unaffected relatives. Biol Psychiatry,62(2):121-8.  Back to cited text no. 22      
23.Simlai, J., Nizamie,& S. H. (1998). Event related potentials-P300, CNV, MRCP in drug naοve and drug free schizophrenia. Thesis submitted to Ranchi University, in partial fulfillment of requirement of degree of doctor of medicine in psychiatry.  Back to cited text no. 23      
24.Skinner, R. D., Rasco, L. M., Fitzgerald, J., et al. (1999). Reduced sensory gating of the P1 potential in rape victims and combat veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder. Depress Anxiety, 9(3):122-30.  Back to cited text no. 24      
25.Sutton, S., Braren M., Zubin J., et al. (1965). Evoked potential correlates of stimulus uncertainty. Science, 150:1187-1188.  Back to cited text no. 25      
26.Turan, T., Esel, E., Karaaslan, F., et al. (2002). Auditory event-related potentials in panic and generalised anxiety disorders. Biological psychiatry 26:123-126.  Back to cited text no. 26      
27.Walter,& W. G. (1964). Slow potential waves in the human brain associated with expectancy, attention and decision. Arch Psychiatr Nervenkr 206:309-322.  Back to cited text no. 27      
28.Winkler, I., Karmos, G.,& Nδδtδnen, R. (1996). Adaptive modeling of the unattended acoustic environment reflected in the mismatch negativity event-related potential. Brain Research, 742:239-252.  Back to cited text no. 28      

This article has been cited by
1 Performance and Usability Evaluation of Brainwave Authentication Techniques with Consumer Devices
Patricia Arias-Cabarcos, Matin Fallahi, Thilo Habrich, Karen Schulze, Christian Becker, Thorsten Strufe
ACM Transactions on Privacy and Security. 2023;
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
2 Chronology of auditory processing and related co-activation in the orbitofrontal cortex depends on musical expertise
Steffen Bücher, Valdis Bernhofs, Andrea Thieme, Markus Christiner, Peter Schneider
Frontiers in Neuroscience. 2023; 16
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
3 Machine learning in biosignals processing for mental health: A narrative review
Elena Sajno, Sabrina Bartolotta, Cosimo Tuena, Pietro Cipresso, Elisa Pedroli, Giuseppe Riva
Frontiers in Psychology. 2023; 13
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
4 EEG study on implicit beliefs regarding sexuality: Psychophysiological measures in relation to self-report measures
Robin van der Linde, Geert van Boxtel, Erik Masthoff, Stefan Bogaerts
Frontiers in Psychology. 2022; 13
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
5 The impact of background music on film audience’s attentional processes: Electroencephalography alpha-rhythm and event-related potential analyses
Young-Sung Kwon, Jonghyun Lee, Slgi (Sage) Lee
Frontiers in Psychology. 2022; 13
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
6 The Influence of Lactobacillus paracasei HII01 Supplementation on Performance in Attention (Go/No-Go) Tasks and Quinolinic Acid and 5-Hydroxyindoleacetic Acid Levels in Thai Children—A Preliminary Study
Pranom Fukngoen, Bhagavathi Sundaram Sivamaruthi, Sasithorn Sirilun, Ekasit Lalitsuradej, Suchanat Khongtan, Sartjin Peerajan, Phakkharawat Sittiprapaporn, Chaiyavat Chaiyasut
Applied Sciences. 2022; 12(11): 5658
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
7 Electroencephalographic Patterns in taVNS: A Systematic Review
Anna Carolyna L. Gianlorenco, Paulo S. de Melo, Anna Marduy, Angela Yun Kim, Chi Kyung Kim, Hyuk Choi, Jae-Jun Song, Felipe Fregni
Biomedicines. 2022; 10(9): 2208
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
8 Spatiotemporal Signatures of Surprise Captured by Magnetoencephalography
Zahra Mousavi, Mohammad Mahdi Kiani, Hamid Aghajan
Frontiers in Systems Neuroscience. 2022; 16
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
9 Simultaneous electroencephalography-functional magnetic resonance imaging for assessment of human brain function
Elias Ebrahimzadeh, Saber Saharkhiz, Lila Rajabion, Homayoun Baghaei Oskouei, Masoud Seraji, Farahnaz Fayaz, Sarah Saliminia, Seyyed Mostafa Sadjadi, Hamid Soltanian-Zadeh
Frontiers in Systems Neuroscience. 2022; 16
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
10 Predictive value of P300 event-related potential component in early cognitive impairment in patients with uncomplicated newly diagnosed hepatitis C virus
Ahmed Esmael, Tamer Belal, Ibrahim F. Amer, Eslam Samra, Azza Elmongui, Saad Shawki
The Egyptian Journal of Neurology, Psychiatry and Neurosurgery. 2022; 58(1)
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
11 ?e??t? t?? s??s?? f?????????? ep????s?? ?a? a?a???st???? ??a??t?ta? µ?s? t?? ?ata??af?? G??st???? ??????t?? ???aµ????
?????? F???a, ???st?f???? ???st?f????, ?a??a ??????-?apad?p?????, ??µ??e?? ?. ?apad?p?????
Psychology: the Journal of the Hellenic Psychological Society. 2022; 27(3): 79
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
12 Functional changes in brain oscillations in dementia: a review
Andreina Giustiniani, Laura Danesin, Beatrice Bozzetto, AnnaRita Macina, Silvia Benavides-Varela, Francesca Burgio
Reviews in the Neurosciences. 2022; 0(0)
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
13 Brain circuit pathology in Down syndrome: from neurons to neural networks
Renata Bartesaghi
Reviews in the Neurosciences. 2022; 0(0)
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
14 Intention Detection Strategies for Robotic Upper-Limb Orthoses: A Scoping Review Considering Usability, Daily Life Application, and User Evaluation
Jessica Gantenbein, Jan Dittli, Jan Thomas Meyer, Roger Gassert, Olivier Lambercy
Frontiers in Neurorobotics. 2022; 16
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
15 Diagnostic Developments in Differentiating Unresponsive Wakefulness Syndrome and the Minimally Conscious State
Camillo Porcaro, Idan Efim Nemirovsky, Francesco Riganello, Zahra Mansour, Antonio Cerasa, Paolo Tonin, Bobby Stojanoski, Andrea Soddu
Frontiers in Neurology. 2022; 12
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
16 Limited Ability to Adjust N2 Amplitude During Dual Task Walking in People With Drug-Resistant Juvenile Myoclonic Epilepsy
Mor Yam, Sigal Glatt, Shai Nosatzki, Anat Mirelman, Jeffrey M. Hausdorff, Lilach Goldstein, Nir Giladi, Firas Fahoum, Inbal Maidan
Frontiers in Neurology. 2022; 13
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
17 Therapist reactions to patient personality: A pilot study of clinicians’ emotional and neural responses using three clinical vignettes from in treatment series
Annalisa Tanzilli, Cristina Trentini, Alessandro Grecucci, Nicola Carone, Chiara Ciacchella, Carlo Lai, Miguel David Sabogal-Rueda, Vittorio Lingiardi
Frontiers in Human Neuroscience. 2022; 16
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
18 Influence of Auditory Cues on the Neuronal Response to Naturalistic Visual Stimuli in a Virtual Reality Setting
George Al Boustani, Lennart Jakob Konstantin Weiß, Hongwei Li, Svea Marie Meyer, Lukas Hiendlmeier, Philipp Rinklin, Bjoern Menze, Werner Hemmert, Bernhard Wolfrum
Frontiers in Human Neuroscience. 2022; 16
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
19 Distinct Patterns of Automatic and Controlled Incongruent Information Processing in the Human Brain
Jialin Du, Yu Zhu, Chengtian Zhao, Dongju Yang, Tao Yu, Xiaohua Zhang, Liankun Ren, Yuping Wang
Frontiers in Human Neuroscience. 2022; 16
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
20 Comparing Clinically Applicable Behavioral and Electrophysiological Measures of Speech Detection, Discrimination, and Comprehension
Pushkar Deshpande, Christian Brandt, Stefan Debener, Tobias Neher
Trends in Hearing. 2022; 26: 2331216522
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
21 Neurocognitive Changes in Sickle Cell Disease: A Comprehensive Review
Tarun Sahu, Babita Pande, Meenakshi Sinha, Ramanjan Sinha, Henu Kumar Verma
Annals of Neurosciences. 2022; : 0972753122
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
22 A practical review of electroencephalography’s value to consumer research
Aaron N McInnes, Billy Sung, Reyhane Hooshmand
International Journal of Market Research. 2022; : 1470785322
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
23 Diurnal effects of dynamic lighting on alertness, cognition, and mood of mentally fatigued individuals in a daylight deprived environment
Y Li, W Fang, B Guo, H Qiu
Lighting Research & Technology. 2022; : 1477153522
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
24 Short-term plasticity of neuro-auditory processing induced by musical active listening training
Peter Schneider, Christine Groß, Valdis Bernhofs, Markus Christiner, Jan Benner, Sabrina Turker, Bettina M. Zeidler, Annemarie Seither-Preisler
Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences. 2022;
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
Fractals. 2022; 30(07)
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
26 Predictive Power of Cognitive Biomarkers in Neurodegenerative Disease Drug Development: Utility of the P300 Event-Related Potential
John Olichney, Jiangyi Xia, Kevin J. Church, Hans J. Moebius, Gabriele Sansevero
Neural Plasticity. 2022; 2022: 1
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
27 An EEG Classification-Based Method for Single-Trial N170 Latency Detection and Estimation
Siyuan Zang, Xiaojun Ding, Meihong Wu, Changle Zhou, Andrzej Kloczkowski
Computational and Mathematical Methods in Medicine. 2022; 2022: 1
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
28 Does standing alter reaction times and event related potentials compared to sitting in young adults? A counterbalanced, crossover trial
Mayur Bhat, Keshab Dehury, Baskaran Chandrasekaran, Hari Prakash Palanisamy, Ashokan Arumugam
Theoretical Issues in Ergonomics Science. 2022; : 1
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
29 Windowing Compensation in Fourier Based Surrogate Analysis and Application to EEG Signal Classification
Manouane Caza-Szoka, Daniel Massicotte
IEEE Transactions on Instrumentation and Measurement. 2022; 71: 1
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
30 DC-tCNN: A Deep Model for EEG-Based Detection of Dim Targets
Liangwei Fan, Hui Shen, Fengyu Xie, Jianpo Su, Yang Yu, Dewen Hu
IEEE Transactions on Neural Systems and Rehabilitation Engineering. 2022; 30: 1727
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
31 Event-related potential and neuropsychological function in depressed older adults with cognitive impairment: A correlational study
Zainab Khan, Ashi Saif, Neera Chaudhry, Adila Parveen
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
32 Associations between peer stress in early adolescence and multiple event-related potentials elicited during social feedback processing
Lidia Panier, Paige Ethridge, Alison Farrell-Reeves, Claire Punturieri, Autumn Kujawa, Melanie Dirks, Anna Weinberg
Developmental Psychobiology. 2022; 64(5)
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
33 Deficient Novelty Detection and Encoding in Early Alzheimer’s Disease: An ERP Study
Domile Tautvydaite, Alexandra Adam-Darqué, Paulina Andryszak, Léa Poitrine, Radek Ptak, Giovanni B. Frisoni, Armin Schnider
Brain Topography. 2022;
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
34 Cross-subject aesthetic preference recognition of Chinese dance posture using EEG
Jing Li, Shen-rui Wu, Xiang Zhang, Tian-jian Luo, Rui Li, Ying Zhao, Bo Liu, Hua Peng
Cognitive Neurodynamics. 2022;
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
35 Multi-Subject Analysis for Brain Developmental Patterns Discovery via Tensor Decomposition of MEG Data
Irina Belyaeva, Ben Gabrielson, Yu-Ping Wang, Tony W. Wilson, Vince D. Calhoun, Julia M. Stephen, Tülay Adali
Neuroinformatics. 2022;
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
36 Using event-related potentials to study food-related cognition: An overview of methods and perspectives for future research
Isabella Zsoldos, Charlotte Sinding, Stéphanie Chambaron
Brain and Cognition. 2022; 159: 105864
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
37 A systematic review of the literature on interpretation bias and its physiological correlates
A. Collins, R.B. Scott, C.R. Hirsch, C. Ottaviani, C. Krahé, F. Meeten
Biological Psychology. 2022; : 108398
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
38 Smartphone use can modify the body schema: An ERP study based on hand mental rotation task
Qinxue Liu, Jiayin Wu, Zongkui Zhou, Weijun Wang
Computers in Human Behavior. 2022; 128: 107134
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
39 Utility of Linear Mixed Effects Models for Event-Related Potential Research with Infants and Children
Megan J. Heise, Serena K. Mon, Lindsay C. Bowman
Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience. 2022; : 101070
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
40 A new perspective on individual reliability beyond group effect for event-related potentials: A multisensory investigation and computational modeling
Zhenxing Hu, Zhiguo Zhang, Zhen Liang, Li Zhang, Linling Li, Gan Huang
NeuroImage. 2022; 250: 118937
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
41 Aging and sleep deprivation affect different neurocognitive stages of spatial information processing during a virtual driving task – An ERP study
Faramosh Rashid Izullah, Mika Koivisto, Valtteri Nieminen, Mika Luimula, Heikki Hämäläinen
Transportation Research Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour. 2022; 89: 399
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
42 Motor imagery training of goal-directed reaching in relation to imagery of reaching and grasping in healthy people
Joanna Mencel, Jaroslaw Marusiak, Anna Jaskólska, Lukasz Kaminski, Marek Kurzynski, Andrzej Wolczowski, Artur Jaskólski, Katarzyna Kisiel-Sajewicz
Scientific Reports. 2022; 12(1)
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
43 Neural activities in music frogs reveal call variations and phylogenetic relationships within the genus Nidirana
Ke Fang, Yezhong Tang, Baowei Zhang, Guangzhan Fang
Communications Biology. 2022; 5(1)
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
44 Lack of habituation in migraine patients and Evoked Potential types: Analysis study from EEG signals
Msallam Abbas Abdulhussein, Xingwei An, Akeel A. Alsakaa, Dong Ming
Journal of Information and Optimization Sciences. 2022; 43(4): 855
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
45 ERPs in Children and Adolescents with Generalized Anxiety Disorder: Before and after an Intervention Program
Nikolaos C. Zygouris, Filippos Vlachos, Georgios I. Stamoulis
Brain Sciences. 2022; 12(9): 1174
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
46 Unveiling the Associations between EEG Indices and Cognitive Deficits in Schizophrenia-Spectrum Disorders: A Systematic Review
Andrea Perrottelli, Giulia Maria Giordano, Francesco Brando, Luigi Giuliani, Pasquale Pezzella, Armida Mucci, Silvana Galderisi
Diagnostics. 2022; 12(9): 2193
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
47 Electrophysiological and Behavioral Evidence for Hyper- and Hyposensitivity in Rare Genetic Syndromes Associated with Autism
Anastasia Neklyudova, Kirill Smirnov, Anna Rebreikina, Olga Martynova, Olga Sysoeva
Genes. 2022; 13(4): 671
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
48 ERP Study of Mine Management System Warning Interface under Fatigue
Yuxin Bai, Jiang Shao, Ying Zhang, Lulu Chen, Xijie Zhao, Fangyuan Tian, Chengqi Xue
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2022; 19(19): 12616
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
49 Screening of subclinical P300 event-related potentials changes in childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia survivors
Slawomir Kroczka, Kinga Kwiecinska, Aleksandra Gergont, Anna Grela, Olga Gorowska, Szymon Skoczen
Molecular and Clinical Oncology. 2022; 17(2)
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
50 Comparative change in P300 indices following antidepressant treatment in patients with major depressive disorder
SantoshL Wakode, SandipMeghnad Hulke, Roshan Sutar, AvinashE Thakare
Industrial Psychiatry Journal. 2022; 31(2): 243
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
51 Disentangling the P300 Components of Evoked Potentials Elicited using Subliminal Oddball Tasks in Reward-Directed Motivation
Kutlu Kaya, Ethem Gelir, Eda Karaismailoglu, Serkan Karaismailoglu
Neurological Sciences and Neurophysiology. 2022; 39(4): 206
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
52 Electrophysiological Changes Related to Childhood Trauma in Patients with Major Depressive Disorder: An Event-related Potential Study
In Soo Heo, Young Joon Kwon, Hwa-Young Lee, Ho Sung Lee, Hee-Jung Yoon, Se-Hoon Shim, Ji Sun Kim
Clinical Psychopharmacology and Neuroscience. 2022; 20(1): 167
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
53 Brain-Computer Interface: Advancement and Challenges
M. F. Mridha, Sujoy Chandra Das, Muhammad Mohsin Kabir, Aklima Akter Lima, Md. Rashedul Islam, Yutaka Watanobe
Sensors. 2021; 21(17): 5746
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
Sunita Mittal, Akriti Kapila, Ashwini Mahadule, Prashant Patil, Arun Goel, Rajesh Kathrotia, Latika Mohan
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
55 The Processing of English-Turkish (False) Cognates: Evidence from a Backward Lexical Translation Task
Cankaya University Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences. 2021; 15(2): 293
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
56 Mismatch Negativity and P3a Impairment through Different Phases of Schizophrenia and Their Association with Real-Life Functioning
Giulia M. Giordano, Luigi Giuliani, Andrea Perrottelli, Paola Bucci, Giorgio Di Lorenzo, Alberto Siracusano, Francesco Brando, Pasquale Pezzella, Michele Fabrazzo, Mario Altamura, Antonello Bellomo, Giammarco Cascino, Anna Comparelli, Palmiero Monteleone, Maurizio Pompili, Silvana Galderisi, Mario Maj
Journal of Clinical Medicine. 2021; 10(24): 5838
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
57 High Intellectual Potential and High Functioning Autism: Clinical and Neurophysiological Features in a Pediatric Sample
Assia Riccioni, Stefano Pro, Lorena Di Criscio, Monica Terribili, Martina Siracusano, Romina Moavero, Massimiliano Valeriani, Luigi Mazzone
Brain Sciences. 2021; 11(12): 1607
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
58 Effects of Acute Visual Stimulation Exercise on Attention Processes: An ERP Study
Shanshan Wu, Hongqing Ji, Junyeon Won, Xiaolong Liu, Jung-Jun Park
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(3): 1107
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
59 Biometric Data as Real-Time Measure of Physiological Reactions to Environmental Stimuli in the Built Environment
Sandra G. L. Persiani, Bilge Kobas, Sebastian Clark Koth, Thomas Auer
Energies. 2021; 14(1): 232
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
60 Violent Video Games and the P300: No Evidence to Support the Neural Desensitization Hypothesis
Simon Goodson, Kirstie J. Turner, Sarah L. Pearson, Pelham Carter
Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking. 2021; 24(1): 48
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
61 Effects of Hyperbaric Nitrogen Narcosis on Cognitive Performance in Recreational air SCUBA Divers: An Auditory Event-related Brain Potentials Study
Huseyin Karakaya, Serkan Aksu, Salih Murat Egi, Salih Aydin, Atilla Uslu
Annals of Work Exposures and Health. 2021; 65(5): 505
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
62 Magnetoencephalographic Correlates of Mood and Reward Dynamics in Human Adolescents
Lucrezia Liuzzi, Katharine K Chang, Charles Zheng, Hanna Keren, Dipta Saha, Dylan M Nielson, Argyris Stringaris
Cerebral Cortex. 2021;
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
63 Response of multiple demand network to visual search demands
Koeun Jung, Yoonki Min, Suk Won Han
NeuroImage. 2021; 229: 117755
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
64 Cognitive assessment using ERP in child and adolescent psychiatry: difficulties and opportunities
Cristina Berchio, Nadia Micali
Psychiatry Research: Neuroimaging. 2021; : 111424
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
65 The timeline of mentalization: Distinguishing a two-phase process from mind detection to mind attribution
Daniela Ruzzante, Jeroen Vaes
Neuropsychologia. 2021; 160: 107983
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
66 Non-propositional effects in verbal communication: The case of metaphor
Elly Ifantidou
Journal of Pragmatics. 2021; 181: 6
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
67 Assessment of event-related evoked potentials and China-Wechsler intelligence scale for cognitive dysfunction in children with obstructive sleep apnea
Yewen Shi, Yani Feng, Yitong Zhang, Haiqin Liu, Huanan Luo, Lei Shang, Liang Xing, Jin Hou, Jing Yan, Xiaohong Liu, Qingqing Zhang, Chao Si, Xiaoyong Ren
International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology. 2021; 150: 110901
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
68 The Biology of BDSM: A Systematic Review
Elise Wuyts, Manuel Morrens
The Journal of Sexual Medicine. 2021;
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
69 Speech discrimination impairments as a marker of disease severity in multiple sclerosis
Pippa Iva, Joanne Fielding, Meaghan Clough, Owen White, Gustavo Noffs, Branislava Godic, Russell Martin, Anneke van der Walt, Ramesh Rajan
Multiple Sclerosis and Related Disorders. 2021; 47: 102608
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
70 Neurobiological evidence of longer-term physical activity interventions on mental health outcomes and cognition in young people: A systematic review of randomised controlled trials
Kareen Heinze, Jennifer Cumming, Amrita Dosanjh, Sophia Palin, Shannen Poulton, Andrew P Bagshaw, Matthew R Broome
Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews. 2021; 120: 431
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
71 Recognition of grammatical class of imagined words from EEG signals using convolutional neural network
Sahil Datta, Nikolaos V. Boulgouris
Neurocomputing. 2021; 465: 301
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
72 Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation to the Left Dorsolateral Prefrontal Cortex Improves Cognitive Control in Patients With Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder: A Randomized Behavioral and Neurophysiological Study
Laura Dubreuil-Vall, Federico Gomez-Bernal, Ana C. Villegas, Patricia Cirillo, Craig Surman, Giulio Ruffini, Alik S. Widge, Joan A. Camprodon
Biological Psychiatry: Cognitive Neuroscience and Neuroimaging. 2021; 6(4): 439
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
73 Sensory processing and P300 event-related potential correlates of stimulant response in children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder: A critical review
Virginia Peisch, Tara Rutter, Carol L. Wilkinson, Anne B. Arnett
Clinical Neurophysiology. 2021; 132(4): 953
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
74 Detection and classification of long-latency own-name auditory evoked potential from electroencephalogram
Jijomon C.M., Vinod A.P.
Biomedical Signal Processing and Control. 2021; 68: 102724
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
75 The thermodynamics of cognition: A mathematical treatment
Eva Deli, James Peters, Zoltán Kisvárday
Computational and Structural Biotechnology Journal. 2021; 19: 784
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
76 The role and use of event-related potentials in aphasia: A scoping review
JoAnn P. Silkes, Javad Anjum
Brain and Language. 2021; 219: 104966
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
77 A systematic review of cognitive event-related potentials in mild cognitive impairment and Alzheimer’s disease
Elizabeth R. Paitel, Marielle R. Samii, Kristy A. Nielson
Behavioural Brain Research. 2021; 396: 112904
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
78 Neurophysiological correlates of purchase decision-making
Ítalo Alí Diez, Josep Marco-Pallarés
Biological Psychology. 2021; 161: 108060
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
79 Development and recovery time of mental fatigue and its impact on motor function
Justine R. Magnuson, Sam M. Doesburg, Chris J. McNeil
Biological Psychology. 2021; 161: 108076
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
80 LEDA-Localized-EEG Dynamics Analyzer: a MATLAB-Based Innovative Toolbox for Analysis of EEG Source Dynamics
Deepa Gupta, Ann Summerfelt, Jennifer Luzhansky, Daniel Li, Elliot Hong, Fow-Sen Choa
Journal of Signal Processing Systems. 2021; 93(8): 951
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
81 EEG, MEG and neuromodulatory approaches to explore cognition: Current status and future directions
Carolina Beppi, Inês Ribeiro Violante, Gregory Scott, Stefano Sandrone
Brain and Cognition. 2021; 148: 105677
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
82 The Neurobiology of Semantic Processing in Autism Spectrum Disorder: An Activation Likelihood Estimation Analysis
Lee Phan, Alina Tariq, Garbo Lam, Elizabeth W. Pang, Claude Alain
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders. 2021; 51(9): 3266
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
83 Event-related potential (P300): the effects of levetiracetam in cognitive performance
Mariana Gongora, Eduardo Nicoliche, Julio Magalhães, Renan Vicente, Silmar Teixeira, Victor Hugo Bastos, Juliana Bittencourt, Mauricio Cagy, Luis F. Basile, Henning Budde, Bruna Velasques, Pedro Ribeiro
Neurological Sciences. 2021; 42(6): 2309
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
84 Improving P300 Speller performance by means of optimization and machine learning
Luigi Bianchi, Chiara Liti, Giampaolo Liuzzi, Veronica Piccialli, Cecilia Salvatore
Annals of Operations Research. 2021;
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
85 A comparative experimental study of visual brain event-related potentials to a working memory task: virtual reality head-mounted display versus a desktop computer screen
Murat Aksoy, Chiedu E. Ufodiama, Anthony D. Bateson, Stewart Martin, Aziz U. R. Asghar
Experimental Brain Research. 2021; 239(10): 3007
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
86 Early soft and flexible fusion of electroencephalography and functional magnetic resonance imaging via double coupled matrix tensor factorization for multisubject group analysis
Christos Chatzichristos, Eleftherios Kofidis, Wim Van Paesschen, Lieven De Lathauwer, Sergios Theodoridis, Sabine Van Huffel
Human Brain Mapping. 2021;
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
87 Parameter clustering in Bayesian functional principal component analysis of neuroscientific data
Nicolò Margaritella, Vanda Inácio, Ruth King
Statistics in Medicine. 2021; 40(1): 167
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
88 Neurological effects of long-term diet on obese and overweight individuals: An electroencephalogram and event-related potential study
Muhammad Ammar Ali, Süreyya Özögür-Akyüz, Adil Deniz Duru, Melisa Caliskan, Ceylan Demir, Tugba Bostanci, Farouk Elsallak, Mohammad Shkokani, Zümray Dokur, Tamer Ölmez, Can Ergün, Nerses Bebek, Gizem Yilmaz
Computational Intelligence. 2021;
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
89 Caudate and cerebellar involvement in altered P2 and P3 components of GO/NoGO evoked potentials in children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder
David Zarka, Anna Maria Cebolla, Carlos Cevallos, Ernesto Palmero-Soler, Bernard Dan, Guy Cheron
European Journal of Neuroscience. 2021; 53(10): 3447
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
90 EEG-Based Brain-Computer Interfaces (BCIs): A Survey of Recent Studies on Signal Sensing Technologies and Computational Intelligence Approaches and Their Applications
Xiaotong Gu, Zehong Cao, Alireza Jolfaei, Peng Xu, Dongrui Wu, Tzyy-Ping Jung, Chin-Teng Lin
IEEE/ACM Transactions on Computational Biology and Bioinformatics. 2021; 18(5): 1645
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
91 Study of Correlation Between EEG Electrodes for the Analysis of Cortical Responses Related to Binaural Hearing
Eva Ignatious, Sami Azam, Mirjam Jonkman, Friso De Boer
IEEE Access. 2021; 9: 66282
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
92 Development and Evaluation of a Smartphone-Based Electroencephalography (EEG) System
Anthony D. Bateson, Aziz U. R. Asghar
IEEE Access. 2021; 9: 75650
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
93 A Survey and Tutorial of EEG-Based Brain Monitoring for Driver State Analysis
Ce Zhang, Azim Eskandarian
IEEE/CAA Journal of Automatica Sinica. 2021; 8(7): 1222
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
94 Error in the Superior Temporal Gyrus? A Systematic Review and Activation Likelihood Estimation Meta-Analysis of Speech Production Studies
Sophie Meekings, Sophie K. Scott
Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience. 2021; 33(3): 422
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
95 Information-Based Analysis of the Coupling Between the Alterations of Heart and Brain Activities in Response to Auditory Stimuli
Hamidreza Namazi, Tisara Kumarasinghe, Ondrej Krejcar
Fluctuation and Noise Letters. 2021; 20(06)
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
96 Multimodal measurement approach to identify individuals with mild cognitive impairment: study protocol for a cross-sectional trial
Bernhard Grässler, Fabian Herold, Milos Dordevic, Tariq Ali Gujar, Sabine Darius, Irina Böckelmann, Notger G Müller, Anita Hökelmann
BMJ Open. 2021; 11(5): e046879
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
97 Association Between the Visual N1-P2 Complex and Neuroticism
Bowen Xiu, Christopher Andanty, Nasia Dai, Clement C. Zai, Ariel Graff, Heather McNeely, Zafiris J. Daskalakis, Vincenzo De Luca
Clinical EEG and Neuroscience. 2021; : 1550059421
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
98 MindLink-Eumpy: An Open-Source Python Toolbox for Multimodal Emotion Recognition
Ruixin Li, Yan Liang, Xiaojian Liu, Bingbing Wang, Wenxin Huang, Zhaoxin Cai, Yaoguang Ye, Lina Qiu, Jiahui Pan
Frontiers in Human Neuroscience. 2021; 15
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
99 Persistence of the “Moving Things Are Alive” Heuristic into Adulthood: Evidence from EEG
Yannick Skelling-Desmeules, Lorie-Marlène Brault Foisy, Patrice Potvin, Hugo G. Lapierre, Emmanuel Ahr, Pierre-Majorique Léger, Steve Masson, Patrick Charland, Ido Davidesco
CBE—Life Sciences Education. 2021; 20(3): ar45
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
100 Cognitive Control and Bilingualism: The Bilingual Advantage Through the Lens of Dimensional Overlap
Melodie Bellegarda, Pedro Macizo
Frontiers in Psychology. 2021; 12
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
101 ß-Lactolin Enhances Neural Activity, Indicated by Event-Related P300 Amplitude, in Healthy Adults: A Randomized Controlled Trial
Ayana Kanatome, Yasuhisa Ano, Kazushi Shinagawa, Yumiko Ide, Midori Shibata, Satoshi Umeda
Journal of Alzheimer's Disease. 2021; 81(2): 787
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
102 Association of Pain During the Evaluation of Delirium in Intensive Care Unit Patients
Evelyn A. Álvarez, Francisco J. Parada
Frontiers in Medicine. 2021; 8
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
103 Early Functional and Cognitive Declines Measured by Auditory-Evoked Cortical Potentials in Mice With Alzheimer’s Disease
Ling Mei, Li-Man Liu, Kaitian Chen, Hong-Bo Zhao
Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience. 2021; 13
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
104 Neural Coding of Vibration Intensity
Wanjoo Park, Sung-Phil Kim, Mohamad Eid
Frontiers in Neuroscience. 2021; 15
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
105 Electroencephalographic Correlates and Predictors of Treatment Outcome in OCD: A Brief Narrative Review
Brian A. Zaboski, Elisa F. Stern, Patrick D. Skosnik, Christopher Pittenger
Frontiers in Psychiatry. 2021; 12
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
106 The Effect of Tactile Training on Sustained Attention in Young Adults
Yu Luo, Jicong Zhang
Brain Sciences. 2020; 10(10): 695
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
107 The Effects of Major Depressive Disorder on the Sequential Organization of Information Processing Stages: An Event-Related Potential Study
Daniel Kwasi Ahorsu, Ken Chung, Ho Hon Wong, Michael Gar Chung Yiu, Yat Fung Mok, Ka Shun Lei, Hector Wing Hong Tsang
Brain Sciences. 2020; 10(12): 935
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
108 Role of EEG in Measuring Cognitive Reserve: A Rapid Review
Kristi¯ne Šneidere, Sara Mondini, Ainars Stepens
Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience. 2020; 12
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
109 A Critical Analysis on Characterizing the Meditation Experience Through the Electroencephalogram
Camila Sardeto Deolindo, Mauricio Watanabe Ribeiro, Maria Adelia Aratanha, Rui Ferreira Afonso, Mona Irrmischer, Elisa Harumi Kozasa
Frontiers in Systems Neuroscience. 2020; 14
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
110 Effect of Single Administration of Mulberry Milk on the Cognitive Function of 6–12-Year-Old Children: Results from a Randomized, Placebo-Controlled, Crossover Study
Wipawee Thukham-mee, Jintanporn Wattanathorn, Woranan Kirisattayakul, Panakaporn Wannanon, Felipe L. de Oliveira
Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity. 2020; 2020: 1
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
111 Biomarkers and neuromodulation techniques in substance use disorders
Bettina Habelt, Mahnaz Arvaneh, Nadine Bernhardt, Ivan Minev
Bioelectronic Medicine. 2020; 6(1)
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
112 Neurofeedback for Pain Management: A Systematic Review
Rubén Roy, Rocío de la Vega, Mark P. Jensen, Jordi Miró
Frontiers in Neuroscience. 2020; 14
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
113 Group penalized generalized estimating equation for correlated event-related potentials and biomarker selection
Ye Lin, Jianhui Zhou, Swapna Kumar, Wanze Xie, Sarah K. G. Jensen, Rashidul Haque, Charles A. Nelson, William A. Petri Jr, Jennie Z. Ma
BMC Medical Research Methodology. 2020; 20(1)
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
114 Message framing and self-conscious emotions help to understand pro-environment consumer purchase intention: an ERP study
Muhammad Zubair, Sidra Iqbal, Sardar Muhammad Usman, Muhammad Awais, Ruining Wang, Xiaoyi Wang
Scientific Reports. 2020; 10(1)
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
115 EEG-Based Neurohaptics Research: A Literature Review
Haneen Alsuradi, Wanjoo Park, Mohamad Eid
IEEE Access. 2020; 8: 49313
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
116 Probing regional cortical excitability via input–output properties using transcranial magnetic stimulation and electroencephalography coupling
Estelle Raffin, Sylvain Harquel, Brice Passera, Alan Chauvin, Thierry Bougerol, Olivier David
Human Brain Mapping. 2020; 41(10): 2741
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
117 Do Varying Levels of Exposure to Pornography and Violence Have an Effect on Non-Conscious Emotion in Men?
Sajeev Kunaharan, Sean Halpin, Thiagarajan Sitharthan, Peter Walla
Archives of Sexual Behavior. 2020; 49(4): 1215
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
118 The Use of Electroencephalography as an Informative Tool in Assisting Early Clinical Management after Sport-Related Concussion: a Systematic Review
Laurie-Ann Corbin-Berrigan, Elizabeth Teel, Sophie-Andrée Vinet, Béatrice P. De Koninck, Samuel Guay, Christelle Beaulieu, Louis De Beaumont
Neuropsychology Review. 2020;
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
119 Can recurrent neural network enhanced EEGNet improve the accuracy of ERP classification task? An exploration and a discussion
Haifeng Zhao, Yikai Yang, Petra Karlsson, Alistair McEwan
Health and Technology. 2020; 10(4): 979
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
120 Pearls and pitfalls in brain functional analysis by event-related potentials: a narrative review by the Italian Psychophysiology and Cognitive Neuroscience Society on methodological limits and clinical reliability—part I
Marina de Tommaso, Viviana Betti, Tommaso Bocci, Nadia Bolognini, Francesco Di Russo, Francesco Fattapposta, Raffaele Ferri, Sara Invitto, Giacomo Koch, Carlo Miniussi, Francesco Piccione, Aldo Ragazzoni, Ferdinando Sartucci, Simone Rossi, Giorgio Arcara, Marika Berchicci, Valentina Bianco, Marianna Delussi, Eleonora Gentile, Fabio Giovannelli, Daniela Mannarelli, Marco Marino, Elena Mussini, Caterina Pauletti, Maria Concetta Pellicciari, Alberto Pisoni, Alberto Raggi, Massimiliano Valeriani
Neurological Sciences. 2020; 41(10): 2711
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
121 The thermodynamic brain and the evolution of intellect: the role of mental energy
Eva Déli, Zoltán Kisvárday
Cognitive Neurodynamics. 2020; 14(6): 743
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
122 A novel hybrid BCI speller based on RSVP and SSVEP paradigm
Shayan Jalilpour, Sepideh Hajipour Sardouie, Amirmohammad Mijani
Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine. 2020; 187: 105326
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
123 Examining differences in attentional bias to smoking-related cues among black and white cigarette smokers: An event-related potential pilot study
Lesia M. Ruglass, James C. Root, Naomi Dambreville, Alina Shevorykin, Christine E. Sheffer, Robert D. Melara
Neuroscience Letters. 2020; 735: 135241
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
124 Earlier versus later cognitive event-related potentials (ERPs) in attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD): A meta-analysis
Anna Kaiser, Pascal-M. Aggensteiner, Sarah Baumeister, Nathalie E. Holz, Tobias Banaschewski, Daniel Brandeis
Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews. 2020; 112: 117
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
125 ERP based measures of cognitive workload: A review
Usman Ghani, Nada Signal, Imran Khan Niazi, Denise Taylor
Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews. 2020; 118: 18
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
126 Symptoms of depersonalisation/derealisation disorder as measured by brain electrical activity: A systematic review
Abbas Salami, Javier Andreu-Perez, Helge Gillmeister
Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews. 2020; 118: 524
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
127 Classification of EEG signals produced by musical notes as stimuli
Konstantina Tsekoura, Amalia Foka
Expert Systems with Applications. 2020; 159: 113507
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
128 Investigating the Relationship between Neural Sensory Gateways and Creative Performance Using Convergent and Divergent Tasks
Naba Ahsan, Kathleen Van Benthem, Kasia Muldner
Creativity Research Journal. 2020; 32(2): 127
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
129 Cognitive–Linguistic Functions in Adults With Epilepsy: Preliminary Electrophysiological and Behavioral Findings
Manaswita Dutta, Laura L. Murray, Wendy Miller, Isaiah Innis, Sharlene Newman
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research. 2020; 63(7): 2403
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
130 P300 Measures and Drive-Related Risks: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
Chao Fang, Yamei Zhang, Mingyi Zhang, Qun Fang
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(15): 5266
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
131 Intra- and Inter-Rater Reliability of Manual Feature Extraction Methods in Movement Related Cortical Potential Analysis
Gemma Alder, Nada Signal, Usman Rashid, Sharon Olsen, Imran Khan Niazi, Denise Taylor
Sensors. 2020; 20(8): 2427
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
132 Measuring electrical activity in the brain during exercise: A review of methods, challenges, and opportunities
Marcelo Bigliassi, Michael J. Wright, Costas I. Karageorghis, Alexander V. Nowicky
Sport & Exercise Psychology Review. 2020; 16(1): 4
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
133 Multi-channel fusion convolutional neural network to classify syntactic anomaly from language-related ERP components
Aisha Khan, Jee Eun Sung, Je-Won Kang
Information Fusion. 2019; 52: 53
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
134 A Minimally Invasive Low-Power Platform for Real-Time Brain Computer Interaction Based on Canonical Correlation Analysis
Mattia Salvaro, Simone Benatti, Victor J. Kartsch, Marco Guermandi, Luca Benini
IEEE Internet of Things Journal. 2019; 6(1): 967
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
135 Asynchronous Brain–Computer Interfacing Based on Mixed-Coded Visual Stimuli
Kaori Suefusa, Toshihisa Tanaka
IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering. 2018; 65(9): 2119
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
136 Graph Theoretical Analysis of Functional Brain Networks in Healthy Subjects: Visual Oddball Paradigm
Kang Wei Thee, Humaira Nisar, Chit Siang Soh
IEEE Access. 2018; 6: 64708
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
137 Brain Processing (Auditory Event-Related Potential) of Stressed Versus Unstressed Words in Thai Speech
Kittipun Arunphalungsanti, Chailerd Pichitpornchai
Perceptual and Motor Skills. 2018; 125(6): 995
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
138 Predicting neurodevelopmental outcome in preterm born infants using auditory event-related potentials: A systematic review
Antoinette Depoorter, Julia Früh, Katharina Herrmann, Davide Zanchi, Peter Weber
Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews. 2018; 89: 99
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
139 Temporal and spectral EEG dynamics can be indicators of stealth placement
Regina W. Y. Wang, Yi-Chung Chen, I-Ning Liu, Shang-Wen Chuang
Scientific Reports. 2018; 8(1)
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
140 How does mindfulness modulate self-regulation in pre-adolescent children? An integrative neurocognitive review
Rebekah Jane Kaunhoven,Dusana Dorjee
Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews. 2017; 74: 163
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
141 Mechanisms of facial emotion recognition in autism spectrum disorders: Insights from eye tracking and electroencephalography
Melissa H. Black, Nigel T.M. Chen, Kartik K. Iyer, Ottmar V. Lipp, Sven Bölte, Marita Falkmer, Tele Tan, Sonya Girdler
Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews. 2017; 80: 488
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
142 An event-related potential study on the time course of mental rotation in upper-limb amputees
Yuanyuan Lyu,Xiaoli Guo,Robin Bekrater-Bodmann,Herta Flor,Shanbao Tong
Clinical Neurophysiology. 2017;
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
143 Digital Sensory Phenotyping for Psychiatric Disorders
Marc Jonathan Blitz
Journal of Psychiatry and Brain Science. 2017; : 45
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
144 Implicit Analysis of Perceptual Multimedia Experience Based on Physiological Response: A Review
Seong-Eun Moon,Jong-Seok Lee
IEEE Transactions on Multimedia. 2017; 19(2): 340
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
145 The Effects of Acute Exercise on Mood, Cognition, Neurophysiology and Neurochemical Pathways: A Review
Julia C. Basso,Wendy A. Suzuki
Brain Plasticity. 2017; : 1
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
146 Feature Extraction Using Independent Component Analysis Method from Non-Invasive Recordings of Electroencephalography (EEG) Brain Signals
Muhammad Azhar, Ishfaque Ahmed, Syed Tanveer Iqbal, Muhammad Jahangir, Rizwan-ur-Rehman, Nasir Ali Shah , Imran Siddiqui
Journal of Basic & Applied Sciences. 2017; 13: 259
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
147 Automatic Identification of Artifact-Related Independent Components for Artifact Removal in EEG Recordings
Yuan Zou,Viswam Nathan,Roozbeh Jafari
IEEE Journal of Biomedical and Health Informatics. 2016; 20(1): 73
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
148 An Analysis of the Effects of Smartphone Push Notifications on Task Performance with regard to Smartphone Overuse Using ERP
Seul-Kee Kim,So-Yeong Kim,Hang-Bong Kang
Computational Intelligence and Neuroscience. 2016; 2016: 1
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
149 When does an easy task become hard? A systematic review of human task-evoked pupillary dynamics versus cognitive efforts
Gahangir Hossain,Joshua Elkins
Neural Computing and Applications. 2016;
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
150 Central Nervous System Adaptation After Ligamentous Injury: a Summary of Theories, Evidence, and Clinical Interpretation
Alan R. Needle,Adam S. Lepley,Dustin R. Grooms
Sports Medicine. 2016;
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
151 The neural basis of responsive caregiving behaviour: Investigating temporal dynamics within the parental brain
Katherine S. Young,Christine E. Parsons,Alan Stein,Peter Vuust,Michelle G. Craske,Morten L. Kringelbach
Behavioural Brain Research. 2016;
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
152 Modeling cyclic variations in sustained human performance as measured by reaction time and the flash visual evoked potential-P2
Jason L. Case,James E. Arruda,Lisa A. VanWormer
International Journal of Psychophysiology. 2016; 101: 43
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
153 The neurogenesis of P1 and N1: a concurrent EEG/LFP study
Michael Bruyns-Haylett,Jingjing Luo,Aneurin J. Kennerley,Sam Harris,Luke Boorman,Elizabeth Milne,Nicolas Vautrelle,Yurie Hayashi,Benjamin J. Whalley,Myles Jones,Jason Berwick,Jorge Riera,Ying Zheng
NeuroImage. 2016;
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
154 Event-related Potentials of Consumer Preferences
Rami N. Khushaba,Luke Greenacre,Ali Al-Timemy,Adel Al-Jumaily
Procedia Computer Science. 2015; 76: 68
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
155 Applications of Electroencephalography to Characterize Brain Activity
Michael R. Borich,Katlyn E. Brown,Bimal Lakhani,Lara A. Boyd
Journal of Neurologic Physical Therapy. 2015; 39(1): 43
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
156 The anterior contralateral response improves performance in a single trial auditory oddball BMI
Miaomiao Guo,Guizhi Xu,Lei Wang,Matthew Masters,Griffin Milsap,Nitish Thakor,Alcimar Barbosa Soares
Biomedical Signal Processing and Control. 2015; 22: 74
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
157 EEG artifact removal—state-of-the-art and guidelines
Jose Antonio Urigüen,Begoña Garcia-Zapirain
Journal of Neural Engineering. 2015; 12(3): 031001
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
158 Cortical Activity Measured with EEG during Stepping on a Recumbent Stepper
Han Gil Seo,Kwang Dong Kim,Byung-Mo Oh,June Sic Kim,Chun Kee Chung
Brain & Neurorehabilitation. 2015; 8(1): 39
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
159 The Role of Right Inferior Parietal Cortex in Auditory Spatial Attention: A Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation Study
Debra S. Karhson,Jeffrey R. Mock,Edward J. Golob,Lawrence M Ward
PLOS ONE. 2015; 10(12): e0144221
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
160 Event-related Potentials and Their Applications
Leos Landa,Zdenek Krpoun,Martina Kolarova,Tomas Kasparek
Activitas Nervosa Superior. 2014; 56(1-2): 17
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
161 Single-trial ERPs denoising via collaborative filtering on ERPs images
Yue Huang,Xin Chen,Jun Zhang,Delu Zeng,Dandan Zhang,Xinghao Ding
Neurocomputing. 2014;
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
162 Visual Working Memory in Human Cortex
Brian Barton,Alyssa A. Brewer
Psychology. 2013; 04(08): 655
[Pubmed] | [DOI]


    Access Statistics
    Email Alert *
    Add to My List *
* Registration required (free)  

  In this article
    What is Event -R...
    Different ERP ...
    Event-Related Po...
    Neurotic Disorders

 Article Access Statistics
    PDF Downloaded3835    
    Comments [Add]    
    Cited by others 162    

Recommend this journal