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Year : 2012  |  Volume : 21  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 55-60

Psychosocial correlates of human immunodeficiency virus infected patients

1 Department of Psychiatry, AFMC, Pune, India
2 Pravaara Institute of Medical Sciences, Rural Medical College and Pravara Rural Hospital, Loni, Ahmednagar, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Suprakash Chaudhury
Department of Psychiatry, Pravaara Institute of Medical Sciences, Rural Medical College and Pravara Rural Hospital, Loni 413 736, Ahmednagar, Maharashtra
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0972-6748.110952

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Background: Reactions of people to a diagnosis of HIV and its effect on well-being vary greatly. There is paucity of Indian studies in this area. Aim: To assess the level of anxiety, depression and quality of life in HIV seropositive individuals. Materials and Methods: It was a descriptive cross-sectional study with a sample size of 50 seropositive individuals. They were assessed using a specially prepared proforma containing several questions pertaining to their demographic profile, details of HIV status and high-risk behavior, questions on family support and discrimination. In addition, all subjects were evaluated with WHO well-being index, General Health Questionnaire (GHQ), and Hospital Anxiety, and Depression Scale. Results: Anxiety was noted in 54% of the individuals whereas only 30% suffered from depression. GHQ showed psychological morbidity in 44% individuals. WHO well-being index noted poor psychological well-being in 46% of individuals. Conclusion: The high level of anxiety and depression in HIV seropositive subjects reiterates the importance of psychological counseling in HIV afflicted individuals in conjunction with suitable pharmacotherapy.

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