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Industrial Psychiatry Journal
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Year : 2013  |  Volume : 22  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 26-31

Psychological vulnerability, burnout, and coping among employees of a business process outsourcing organization

1 Department of Psychiatry, St. Johns Medical College and Hospital, Bangalore, Karnataka, India
2 National Institute of Mental Health and Neuro Sciences, Bangalore, Karnataka, India
3 Independent Private Practice, Bangalore, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Tanya Machado
Professor of Clinical Psychology, Department of Psychiatry, St. John's Medical College and Hospital, Bangalore, Karnataka
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Source of Support: The study was invited and funded by a leading business process outsourcing organization in Bangalore as part of their human resource management initiative for employee wellbeing,, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0972-6748.123609

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Background: The business process outsourcing (BPO) sector is a contemporary work setting in India, with a large and relatively young workforce. There is concern that the demands of the work environment may contribute to stress levels and psychological vulnerability among employees as well as to high attrition levels. Materials and Methods: As part of a larger study, questionnaires were used to assess psychological distress, burnout, and coping strategies in a sample of 1,209 employees of a BPO organization. Results: The analysis indicated that 38% of the sample had significant psychological distress on the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-28; Goldberg and Hillier, 1979). The vulnerable groups were women, permanent employees, data processors, and those employed for 6 months or longer. The reported levels of burnout were low and the employees reported a fairly large repertoire of coping behaviors. Conclusions: The study has implications for individual and systemic efforts at employee stress management and workplace prevention approaches. The results point to the emerging and growing role of mental health professionals in the corporate sector.

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