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Year : 2017  |  Volume : 26  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 140-145

Quality of life of patients with schizophrenia and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: An observational study

1 Department of Psychiatry, Government Medical College, Thrissur, Kerala, India
2 Department of Psychiatry, Manipal Hospital, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Smitha Ramadas
Sayujyam, Kottekkad Road, Viyyur, Thrissur - 680 010, Kerala
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ipj.ipj_76_16

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Background: Quality of life (QOL) is a novel and holistic parameter in measuring health outcome. Recently, the concept is gaining importance as an outcome measure in illnesses, with a chronic and progressive course. Schizophrenia and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) are psychological and physical illnesses, respectively, which share this characteristic. Studies comparing the QOL of psychological and physical illnesses are few. The extant literature did not reveal any studies comparing the QOL of schizophrenia and COPD. Aim: The aim of this study was to compare the QOL of patients with schizophrenia, a chronic psychiatric disorder, and COPD, a chronic physical illness. Materials and Methods: The study was cross-sectional in design. The QOL of thirty patients each with schizophrenia and COPD, from a tertiary care teaching hospital, was assessed using the WHO Quality of Life Assessment-BREF scale. Comparison was done between the two groups. Results: The QOL of patients with schizophrenia was significantly better in the physical domain (Z = 2.75, P = 0.006) and overall perception of life (Z = 3.25, P = 0.001). Overall perception of health was also better in schizophrenia (Z = 1.94, P = 0.052). The social domain was the only one in which COPD patients had a better score than schizophrenic patients, though it was not statistically significant (Z = 0.17, P = 0.86). Conclusion: The QOL of schizophrenic patients is slightly better compared to that of COPD patients. Only in the social domain was the QOL of schizophrenic patients inferior to that of COPD patients. Therefore, in schizophrenic patients, priority interventions to improve the social deficits are important because these determine their QOL vis a vis, a chronic physical illness.

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