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Year : 2019  |  Volume : 28  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 242-247

The relationship between quality of life and social support among nurses: A cross-sectional study

1 Department of Nursing Education, Faculty Member, Abhar School of Nursing, Zanjan University of Medical Sciences, Zanjan, Iran
2 Department of Psychiatric Nursing, Faculty Member, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Maragheh University of Medical Sciences, Urmia, Iran
3 Department of Public Health, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Urmia University of Medical Sciences, Urmia, Iran

Correspondence Address:
Samira Jafari
Department of Public Health, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Urmia University of Medical Sciences, Urmia
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ipj.ipj_29_20

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Objective: This research was conducted with the aim of evaluating the quality of life (QoL) and its relationship with social support of nurses. Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was performed on 241 nurses working at Zanjan University of Medical Sciences. The instruments used in this study were the Persian SF-36 tool, McCain Marquin Social Interaction Questionnaire, and information on individual and job characteristics. The sampling method was cluster sampling with probability proportional to population size. The information was analyzed using SPSS version 18 and with proportional statistics. Results: Only 31.6% (67) of the nurses had high levels of social support. The average social support was 47/65 ± 93/6. The highest mean score of QoL 67.75 ± 25.023 was related to physical activity and the lowest score mean were related to dimensions of bodily pain (54.59 ±22.727) and role limitations because of physical health problems (59.60 ± 40.261). In the linear regression model with the Enter method, the adjustment of the effects of the variables of the three dimensions of general health, mental health and happiness, and QoL was associated with social support. Conclusion: The majority of nurses have moderate social support and poor QoL for nurses. Therefore, considering the effects of nurse support, it is recommended to perform supportive interventions and plan for more well-being of nurses.

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