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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2019  |  Volume : 28  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 306-311

Rate and risk factors of nocturnal enuresis in school going children


1 Department of Psychiatry, Dr. M. K. Shah Medical College and SMS Multispeciality Hospital, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India
2 Department of Psychiatry, Dr. M. K. Shah and SMS Multispeciality Hospital, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India
3 Department of Psychiatry, B.J. Medical College and Civil Hospital, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India
4 Department of Psychiatry, Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College, Wardha, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Harsh J Oza
A/2, Sannidhi Apartments, Bhaikakanagar, Thaltej, Ahmedabad - 380 059, Gujarat
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ipj.ipj_15_18

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Purpose: The purpose is to find out the rate of nocturnal enuresis in school going children (5–12 years) and the risk factors associated with it. Materials and Methods: The parents of children aged between 5 and 12 years studying in two primary schools in Ahmedabad completed a self-administered semi-structured questionnaire comprising of enuresis, sociodemographic profiles, and risk factors. Children with enuresis and those without were compared on demographic characteristics and risk factors using Chi-square and t-test for categorical and quantitative data respectively. The data were analyzed using SPSS version 17. Results: The response rate was 86.54% as 1904 responses were collected out of 2200. The overall rate of nocturnal enuresis was 6.7% (according to Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th Edition definition of nocturnal enuresis). As the age increased, the rate of nocturnal enuresis declined. A positive family history was seen in 36.6% of children with enuresis. Enuresis was found to be more frequently in lower socioeconomic class. It was a neglected problem, only 20.6% of children received some kind of treatment. Conclusion: The rate of nocturnal enuresis was 6.7% in school going children. Strong correlation was found with family history. Although the rate was high, most of the children with enuresis were not treated.


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