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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 29  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 105-122

Neuropsychological dysfunctions among chronic schizophrenia patients, alcohol dependence cases, and normal subjects: A comparative study


1 Department of Clinical Psychology, RINPAS, Ranchi, Jharkhand, India
2 Department of Psychiatry, Indira Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences, Patna, Bihar, India
3 Department of Psychiatry, Dr. D. Y. Patil Medical College, Dr. D. Y. Patil Vidyapeeth, Pune, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Suprakash Chaudhury
Department of Psychiatry, Dr. D. Y. Patil Medical College, Dr. D. Y. Patil Vidyapeeth, Pimpri, Pune - 411 018, Maharashtra
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ipj.ipj_70_20

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Aim: The aim of this study is to assess the neuropsychological profiles of chronic schizophrenia and alcohol-dependent subjects. Materials and Methods: This hospital-based cross-sectional study included 30 chronic schizophrenia patients, 30 alcohol-dependent patients and 30-matched normal controls. Demographic and clinical data were collected on a self-designed pro forma. Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS) and Severity of Alcohol Dependence Questionnaire (SADQ-C) were administered to chronic schizophrenia and alcohol-dependent patients, respectively. The AIIMS Comprehensive Neuropsychological Battery in Hindi (Adult Form) was used to assess neuropsychological dysfunctions. Results: Neuropsychological dysfunctions were found in 83.3% of chronic schizophrenia patients, 36.7% alcohol dependents and none of the normal subjects. In comparison to normal subjects, schizophrenia patients had significantly more dysfunctions in neuropsychological-domains such as motor, tactile, visual, receptive and expressive speech, reading, writing, arithmetic, memory, and intellectual processes. A significant positive correlation was found between the PANSS total score and T scores of most of the clinical scales except motor and visual scales; the PANSS general psychopathology score and T scores of most of the clinical scales except motor visual and pathognomonic scales; the PANSS negative score and T scores of most of the clinical scales except visual scale; and the PANSS positive score and T scores of receptive speech, arithmetic, and memory scales. In comparison to normal subjects, the alcohol dependents had significantly more dysfunctions in neuropsychological-domains such as motor, tactile, visual, receptive and expressive speech, reading, writing, arithmetic, and memory. A significant positive correlation was found between the SADQ total scale and T scores of clinical scales such as expressive speech, writing, arithmetic, intellectual processes, left hemisphere, and total battery scales. Conclusions: Neuropsychological dysfunction was significantly more common and severe in chronic schizophrenia patients than in alcohol-dependent patients. In comparison to alcohol dependents, the chronic schizophrenia patients had more dysfunctions in neuropsychological-domains such as tactile, arithmetic, memory, and intellectual processes.


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