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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 30  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 11-17

Trends and issues in community mental health programs in India: The Ranchi Institute of Neuropsychiatry and Allied Sciences experience


1 Department of Psychiatry, Ranchi Institute of Neuropsychiatry and Allied Sciences, Ranchi, Jharkhand, India
2 Department of Psychiatry, Dr. D. Y. Patil Medical College, Dr. D. Y. Patil Vidyapeeth, Pune, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Suprakash Chaudhury
Department of Psychiatry, Dr. D. Y. Patil Medical College, Dr. D. Y. Patil Vidyapeeth, Pimpri, Pune - 411 018, Maharashtra
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ipj.ipj_47_21

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Psychiatric disorders are among the leading causes of disability the world over. With the World Health Organization, spearheading the crusade to incorporate the mental health component into primary health care, developing countries also have accepted the need for community care of patients with psychiatric disorders. Since independence various initiatives by the government has led to a significant change in the place of mental health care as part of the general health care. At the time of independence apart from mental hospitals, there was practically no organized mental health care. Since then General Hospital Psychiatry units and also Psychiatric Nursing homes have started. Currently, mental health issues are actively seen as part of the public agenda in the various forms. The overall effect has been the movement to recognize mental health as an important issue in the community and services to move beyond mental hospital care to care to the community. Majority of population in Jharkhand is residing in rural areas. Due to the lack of proper communications and infrastructure, Ranchi Institute of Neuropsychiatry and Allied Sciences (RINPAS) had started community outreach program way back in 1999. At present, these centers are running in four different areas of the state with great success. RINPAS experience shows that how even with resource constraints, quality services can be provided to unreached population.


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