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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 30  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 62-66

Assessment of quality of life in vitiligo patients attending a tertiary care hospital - A cross sectional study

1 Department of Psychiatry, FAA Medical College and Hospital, Barpeta, Assam, India
2 Department of Psychiatry, Central Institute of Psychiatry, Ranchi, Jharkhand, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Pranjal Dey
CIP, Kanke, Ranchi - 834 006, Jharkhand
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ipj.ipj_16_20

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Background: Vitiligo is a common form of localized depigmentation of skin which draws unusual attention to the patient especially when it is in visible areas of the body. The appearance of visible skin lesions and its chronic progression may cause a significant burden on patients' health-related quality of life and psychiatric morbidity may arise as a complication. Aims: An endeavor has been made to find out how the disease influences the quality of life of affected persons. Methodology: This was a hospital based cross sectional study. Clinically diagnosed eighty vitiligo patients were selected from dermatology outpatient department with purposive sampling method and compared them with those of healthy control group. In selected cases Dermatology Life Quality Index (DLQI) questionnaire was used for the assessment of quality of life. Also International classification of mental and behavioral disorders research criteria along with 17-item Hamilton Rating scale of Depression were applied to diagnose the presence of depression. Data were collected and “Chi Square Test” or “Fisher Exact t Test” was used. All analysis were done using SPSS version 20.0. Results: In this study 92.5% of the patients had elevated DLQI scores. We found higher DLQI mean score in vitiligo patients ( 9.68+5.24) compared to (1.36+ 1.37) of control and depression was significantly associated with the impairment of quality of life. Conclusion: Vitiligo patients have significant impairment in their quality of life and more in those who develops depression.

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